Did you ever want to understand what people who work in libraries were talking about?
INDEX: A |
A summary of the content of a document or article.
Search Complete: This computerized full text article database, produced by EBSCO,
tries to cover all major disciplines that are studied in a liberal arts institution.
Acrobat®: Adobe's software that creates
documents in Portable Document Format (PDF). Many scanners include a
version of Acrobat software so that paper documents can be converted into digital
PDF images. The current version of Office and Google Docs can create
PDF documents using a special print function. Acrobat has a number of output settings:
one allows collaborative markup of a document, while another "locks" the PDF to prevent changes.
A free PDF viewer exists for almost every
computer operating system, making this format a good choice for widespread document distribution.
Reader®: A freeware software program, available for download at the Adobe site, that allows viewing of PDF
files on your computer.
The advanced library catalog provides a search mode offering more options than one simple searchbox.
Advanced search mode is more difficult to use, but is essential for focusing your search results to just
the highly relevant books or articles. Search engines such as Google offer
advanced search modes, as do most journal databases offered by the university. For help with advanced
search, phone an OCLS librarian at 800-521-1848.
ALI (Academic Libraries of Indiana): A resource sharing
consortium of almost all of the academic libraries in Indiana.
Students may submit a signed ALI card application to OCLS that allows the
student to have borrowing privileges at other Indiana academic
Almanac: A book that provides statistics and
facts. The short subject specific articles found in
are similar to those found in an almanac.
AMP (business): Applied Management Project; the
management project is designed to demonstrate that a student has
developed the ability to integrate a diverse education and several
years of practical experience.
AMP (Christian Ministry): Applied Ministry
Project, the ministry project is designed to demonstrate that a
student has developed the ability to integrate a diverse education
and several years of practical experience.
Annotation: A brief summary describing an entry
in a bibliography. Annotations are used to evaluate and fully
describe a work. Annotations should be brief (rarely longer
than 150 words).
Article: A short written work either found in a
periodical or in a collected work such as an encyclopedia.
Barcode Number: See Library Access
Bibliographic Record: Information used for the
identification of any information source. Most records consist of the
author’s name, date of publication, title, city of publication, and
publisher. The references on an APA "References" page are a form of
Bibliography: A list of sources which at a minimum provides
bibliographic record that identifies each unique book, article, or other item.
In an "annotated bibliography" each bibliographic record is followed by text that
describes or reviews the item. The annotation in a "working bibliography"
is created early in the research process, and is used by the writer to record how the item
might be used. Note that APA
is silent about how to format bibliographies. For specific guidance on creating your bibliography,
consult your professor.
Boolean operators: And, Or, Not
Boolean searching: A search strategy for finding
specific information on your topic. Using Boolean operators you
may combine search terms to find results:
|Term 1 AND Term
||Sample: "General Electric AND Jeffrey Immelt"|
• You will find results containing both search
|Term 1 OR Term
||Sample: "Junior High School OR Middle School"|
• You will find results containing either search
|Term 1 NOT Term
||Sample: "Eating Disorders NOT bulimia"|
• You will find results about eating disorders, but
Browser: A software program that allows you
to view Internet resources. Also called a web
browser. Examples: Microsoft Internet Explorer, Foxfire, and
Netscape Navigator are browsers.
Call Number: The number and/or letter code which
determines the location of a book on the library shelf. The
number/letter code designates the subject classification of a book.
The call number appears on the cover of the book and on the record
in the online catalog. Be sure you have the complete call number to
easily find the item on the shelf. Example: Merriam Webster’s
Collegiate Dictionary has a call number of: 423
Catalog: An obsolete name for the library catalog.
Large libraries prior to 1900 would print catalog books listing all of the
books in their inventory. From 1900 to 1980 libraries maintained their
inventories and indexes on 3x5 cards stored in special filing cabinets
which were dubbed "card catalogs." The card technology lasted for generations,
primarily because adding or deleting a few cards
could instantly update the library's inventory.
Since 1980 large libraries have maintained electronic files of records that tell what
materials the library owns and where the materials are stored. The computer technology of
modern library catalogs lets faculty and students access
the information (now including the full text of e-books) from their home or office,
enabling online university programs to offer the resources of a residential program.
Cataloging: The process of preparing
bibliographic records to enter into the library’s catalog.
CD-ROM: Compact Disc-Read Only Memory; a data
storage medium that is used to store and read large amounts of
Check Out: To borrow materials from the library
for a specified amount of time. For example, students in the
College of Graduate Studies and the College of Adult &
Professional Studies may check out materials for 28 days.
This acronym stands for Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied
Health Literature. It is one of the best indexes for nursing
Circulating Collection: The collection of
materials which may be borrowed from the library.
Citation: The information needed to describe
and/or locate a particular book or article. An "in-text" APA citation
directs the user to a "reference" at the end of the article or book.
A more generic use of the word "citation" can refer to the
reference or full bibliographic information, and will
usually contain information such as author’s name, title, date of
publication, source, etc.
Cohort Group: Indiana Wesleyan groups all students into
core groups. Your core group consists of your program and a 3 or 4
digit number. Example: ASB1395.
The accumulated group of all library materials. Books and e-book material are
accessible through the library catalog, magazines and journal articles
are accessed through various databases, and some paper resources (such as archive documents)
can only be used in the Jackson library building.
Controlled Vocabulary: A specified list of
subject terms. Can also be called descriptors.
Copyright: The legal provision of exclusive
rights to reproduce and distribute a work.
Any electronically stored collection of data. In the case of
libraries, it may be a database of articles from journals; a
database of book, videos, etc.; or a combination of both.
Database vendor: The company that
provides access to a particular database. Examples: EBSCOHost,
Emerald, Gale, ProQuest.
Descriptor: Interchangeable with
"subject heading," ERIC and CINAHL use the term "descriptor” while
EBSCO and book catalogs use "subject headings".
Dewey Decimal System: The classification system
by Melvil Dewey, first published in 1876, which divides knowledge
into ten main classes, with further subdivisions, accompanied by
decimal notation. Materials are placed in the library and are
assigned a number from the Dewey Decimal System. The Jackson
Library shelves its books using the Dewey Decimal System.
Digital Object Identifier: The digital object identifier
is a permanent identifier assigned to any piece of intellectual
property on a digital network. The DOI number consists of both
alpha and numeric characters. The DOI number is utilized in the APA
writing style, on the references page. Example:
Dissertation: Original, independent research
written and completed when obtaining a PhD, EdD, etc.
& Theses: Database that provides access to
abstracts, citations, and even some full text for every title
in their database. It is made up of dissertations and theses
written for master's and doctoral requirements.
DOI: See Digital Object Identifier.
Due Date: The date assigned when books that are
borrowed from the library must be returned.
DVD: Storing 4.7 gigabytes, a DVD has almost seven times the
storage capacity of a CD-ROM. A DVD is a useful storage medium for backing up course materials.
eBrary: An e-book vendor which supplies IWU with over 70,000 titles.
eBrary books can be read online, or, with Adobe Digital Editions software, downloaded to your device.
computer database vendor that provides access to e-books, reports, and
articles from newspapers, magazines, and journals. A selection of EBSCO databases is often found in public libraries,
so mastering an EBSCO database will often be useful long after your formal academic studies have concluded.
(E-Books): Books available in an electronic format
which can be accessed and read via your computer or handheld device.
Unfortunately, different suppliers have developed competing formats and
various methods to prevent piracy. One of the earliest e-book collections
was developed by Project Gutenburg,
which has developed a collection of over 40,000 pre-1924 books which are not under
copyright and which may be read without fees or authorization.
The eBRARY and EBSCO eBook Collection provide IWU students with access to over eighty thousand titles.
E-mail attachment: Files can be distributed to
another computer by attaching a file to an email message.
Emerald: A publisher of scholarly articles and books on management. In advanced search,
one can limit search results to "My Subscribed Content" -- a useful limiter, as the University only purchased access to a subset of Emerald publications.
Empirical: Data or
information obtained through experiment, experience, or observation,
and which can be verified.
Encyclopedia: set of books containing
informational articles on subjects in every field of knowledge,
usually arranged in alphabetical order.
This acronym stands for Educational Resources Information
Center. It is a computerized database including the following:
abstracts of education journal articles and documents such as
unpublished reports, dissertations, and government studies.
Fair Use: Conditions under which copying is not
an infringement of U.S. copyright law.
Full-Text Articles: Those articles in an online
periodical index, e.g. Expanded Academic, that include availability
of the entire article. Sometimes pictures/graphics/charts/tables
cannot be included, but just the actual text of the original
Full-Text Database: A database in which the full
content or text, of the article is available for you to access and
Databases: A computer database vendor that provides access
to newspaper, magazine, and journal articles. Gale also offers specialized products such as
Opposing Viewpoints and
Virtual Reference Library
Government Publication: Any document created by
a local, state or national government organization. Often
referred to as a government document, or a public document.
successful match when searching the Internet or a database.
Holdings: See Collection.
Homepage: By default, the first page you see
when you logon to the Internet. The term homepage also refers
to the main web page of a person or business. The homepage for the
University is www.indwes.edu
The Off Campus Library Services homepage is www2.indwes.edu/ocls
HTML: Hypertext markup language. Used for
documents on the World Wide Web.
Http: Hypertext transfer protocol. The
client-server TCP/IP protocol used on the World Wide Web. Allows
transfer of HTML documents.
Loan (ILL): A system of agreements
between libraries by which they will share their parts of their
collections. If a patron wishes to have a book or article that is
not available in his/her library, a librarian may arrange to borrow
this item from another library. (Note: Please use IWU Library OCLS
for interlibrary loan requests—not your local library.)
Spectrum of Information Resources; A group of databases, mostly
provided by vendors, which are provided through state funding to
residents of the state of Indiana.
Internet: A global system of computer networks
connected via TCP/IP protocols using a telecommunications system.
Issue Number: A single uniquely numbered or
dated part of a periodical. One issue is part of a larger
Library: The main library of Indiana
Wesleyan University, located on the main campus in Marion, Indiana.
OCLS is a department of Jackson Library.
Journal: A periodical, especially one containing
scholarly articles on research and development in a particular
Holdings List: The list of journals
which IWU library has access to in some kind of format. These
formats can be paper copy, microform, electronic access (Internet),
Keyword: The most significant word in the
abstract, title, or text of a work which is used as a search
Virtual Library; A group of databases, mostly provided by vendors,
which are provided through state funding to residents of the
commonwealth of Kentucky.
LAN: See Library Access Number
Academic: A database which provides access to
information from newspapers, journals, reference materials and legal
Librarian: A person responsible for the
administration of a library. S/he obtains a master's in library
science and are proficient in locating all kinds of
information. OCLS has outstanding "reference"
Library Access Number: The 14-digit number that is issued
to all students for identification purposes. If you were issued
a student ID card, this number should be visible. If you never received an ID card
you may generate your unique LAN using your student ID number.
Or you may contact the OCLS staff for assistance.
Faculty may request a LAN by contacting OCLS. The LAN is a part of the computer system at the IWU
Library and allows library privileges at IWU. The number also allows
access to a number of subscription databases that the university
provides for student/faculty use.
The index and inventory of the library's book and journal holdings. The online library catalog
tracks whether an item has been borrowed or is available for loan, and offers a "request" option
to select books for shipment to remote students by "postal delivery." Students and faculty can
check their library account to see when the books they borrowed need to be returned.
Library Consortium: A formal association of
libraries. SWON is an example of a library consortium.
Literature Search: A search using
various databases or other means to locate citations on a
Magazine: A periodical for general reading,
containing articles on various subjects by different authors.
Meta search engines: A web site that allows you
to search many search engines at one time. The disadvantage of metasearch is that
special search options available in each individual database are unavailable
in the blended product. Example meta search
engines include: Dogpile (www.dogpile.com),
Ixquick (www.ixquick.com) and
Microfiche: A flat sheet of photographic
film. Periodicals often store information on microfiche because
many pages of material can be stored in this format. See
Microfilm: Photographic film rolls housed on
reels, cartridges or cassettes. Periodicals often store information
on microfilm because many pages of material can be stored in this
format. See microform.
Microform: Includes microfilm and microfiche.
Microfilm is film that contains photographic images of information,
e.g. pages of a journal. Microfiche are flat 4 inch by 6-inch sheets
of photographic images. Microfilm is either 1 inch wide or
approximately. 3 inches wide and on a roll. Special machines are
needed to read the reduced images and to print back to a paper
format. If the Jackson Library collection has a desired document in
a microform format, the OCLS staff will scan and email a limited
number of pages from the microform document upon request.
Northest Ohio Regional Library System: A consortium of libraries in
northeast Ohio. IWU is a member of this consortium.
NetLibrary: An early company that
provided access to electronic books (e-books). The NetLibrary collection
was purchased by EBSCO, and rebranded as the EBSCO eBook Collection. See electronic
Non-circulating: Library materials which cannot
leave the library. Some examples include reference materials,
journals, microform, etc.
Off Campus Library
Services (OCLS): Off Campus Library
Services provides you with immediate access to library resources for
your research needs. Based in Jackson Library at Indiana Wesleyan
University in Marion, the OCLS staff is prepared to serve the unique
needs of adult learners of the Colleges of Adult and Professional
Studies and Graduate Studies.
Catalog: A term marking the transition from
inventory cards in wooden cabinets to electronic indexes accessed by computer.
In the period 1880-1980 libraries were usually inventoried and indexed using cards.
The cabinet where these inventory cards were shelved was known as the "card catalog."
and the computer version added the prefix "online." The reference to cards is now disappearing,
and most librarians simply refer to the "catalog" or "library catalog."
PDF File: Portable document format used by
Used by OCLS to transmit scanned documents.
Peer-reviewed: Also referred to as scholarly,
academic, primary, refereed or technical journals. Usually an
original publication (not previously published) that contains
articles that have been reviewed by peers before acceptance by the
journal for publication. Each article submission must fill a ‘gap’
of knowledge in that discipline area and must be substantial enough
that those doing research from that article can build and add to the
Periodical: Any publication which appears in
regular issues over time—newspapers, magazines, journals. The term
‘periodical’ and ‘journal’ are interchangeable.
Periodical Holdings: See Journal Holdings.
Periodical Index: A listing that cites the
individual articles appearing in a selected group of
Plagiarism: The taking or copying of someone
else’s words, ideas, thoughts, pictures, etc., and presenting them
as your own. Academic writing requires in text citation to show
that ideas are coming from outside sources.
Database vendor that provides access to full-text newspapers, like
Wall Street Journal, and full-text magazine
collections for nursing and education and business.
ProQuest also provides access to
Reference Collection: The non-circulating
materials of a library which provide basic information about a
topic. Reference books may only be used in the library, they do not
Refereed: See Peer-reviewed.
Renewal: Extending a check-out for a period of
time beyond the original due date.
Research: Systematic, intensive searching
conducted to discover new knowledge.
Research Article: A journal article that
describes original research. It may utilize different kinds of
research, e.g. historical, action, descriptive, longitudinal, etc.
The author(s) are the ones who did the research/experimentation,
etc. They are not writing about research, but the actual research.
The article usually will be broken out into sections, including
purpose of the study, methodology, findings, conclusion, references.
These kinds of articles are usually found in peer-reviewed journals.
See also: empirical,
Search: See Literature
Search Directory: An Internet directory that
allows you to search for categorized information. Search
directories list information by subject. Examples of search
directories include About.com (www.about.com),
Internet Public Library (ipl.org) and Excite.com
Search Engine: A web site that allows you to
perform keyword searches of the Internet to locate
information. Good search engines to use are Google (www.google.com) and
Teoma (www.teoma.com) and Bing (www.bing.com).
Serial: A publication that is issued in parts
indefinitely over time. Examples: journals, periodicals, magazines,
Subject Heading: The specific word or phrase
used to find a book or article on a specific topic in a catalog or
magazine index. See descriptor.
(Southwest Ohio & Neighboring Libraries): A consortium
of all types of libraries located in southwest Ohio; northern
Kentucky. IWU belongs to this consortium and this allows
students/faculty to go to these libraries and check out materials.
Table of Contents: A list of the contents of a
work; usually found at the beginning of a book, periodical or
TCP/IP: Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol; the language governing communications between all
computers on the Internet
Telnet: Internet standard protocol for remote
login. Runs on top of TCP/IP. It acts as a terminal emulator.
Thesaurus: In a database, this function will
lead you to other related terms that should be used for searching
your topic; will list synonyms for your search term. Used
extensively for searching databases such as ERIC
Truncation: In database or Internet searching,
to cut the search term short to retrieve all terms with a common
root. Example: If looking for articles on assessment, you would
truncate to assess*. This would tell the database to search for
all terms beginning with the letters assess, such as assess,
assesses, assessing, assessed, assessment, etc.
URL: Uniform Resource Locator; the web address
of a web site. Example: http://www.google.com is the URL for the Google
Vendor: See Database vendor.
Wi-Fi: Wireless Fidelity; Wireless
networking. Allows your computer to access the Internet via
Wildcard: Wildcards are used in the middle of a
word to find variants of terms. Each database its own symbol
for indicating a wildcard, but it is most frequently a question
mark, "?". Example: Wom?n would find articles containing the word
women or woman.
World Wide Web: World Wide Web. Internet
client-server hypertext method of distributing information on the
Hutchison, N. B. (2004, July). Library jargon: Student
recognition of terms and concepts commonly used by librarians in the
classroom. College & Research Libraries, 65,
Off Campus Library Services. (2004). Library resource
guide. Marion, IN: Author.
Learn the net: Glossary. (n.d.). Retrieved from
Library lingo: Some common library terms defined. (n.d.). The
University of Texas at San Antonio Library. Retrieved from
Pemberton, A., & Fritzler, P. (2004, March). The language
barrier: Don’t let library lingo get in the way of learning.
College & Research Libraries News, 65, 154-155.
Young, H. (1983). The ALA glossary of library and information
science. Chicago, IL: American Library Association.