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Christian Theologian Webliology

(Note: These sites are recommended, but go outside the control and maintenance of IWU.)

Early Writers

Church Fathers

  • The Writings of the Apostolic Fathers - Collected by the Greek Orthodox Diocese in America links to the Christian Classics Ethereal Library and groups the works of a number of well - and lesser - known Apostolic Fathers. Those interested in Church History or Theology will find full text links to texts by Ignatius; Justin Martyr; Irenaeus; Tertullian; Origen; Cyprian; and others. Scholars wanting to learn more about Apostolic-era worship will find links to early liturgies ascribed to James, Mark and the Holy Apostles. The page ends with a short list of Nicene and Post-Nicene works, Eusebius’s Church History and The Life of the Blessed Constantine and histories by Socrates Scholasticus and Hermias Sozomen.
  • Internet Christian Library Guide to Early Church Documents - "This hypertext document contains pointers to Internet-accessible files relating to the early church, including canonical documents, creeds, the writings of the Apostolic Fathers and other historical texts relevant to church history" (Internet Christian Library Guide, 2011). The ICLG links to full-text documents, summaries and other data from the Christian Apologetics Research Ministry (CARM), Peter Kirby’s Early Christian Writings website, EWTN: The Global Catholic Network online library, World Invisible (with further links to Christian Corps International Libraries), Michael Vezie’s Orthodox Christian Page, Dr. C. Michael McMahon’s A Puritan’s Mind web portal, New Advent, the Book of Abraham Project at Brigham Young University and the Internet Classics Archive.
  • Early Christian Writings (Peter Kirby) - Kirby has collected English-language translations of online texts as well as lists of other online and offline resources about the Christian New Testament, the Apocrypha, Gnostics and Church Fathers. Of special note are links collected in the "Other" tab that point to early Pagan and Jewish, Jewish/Christian, Hypothesized Sources and other extrabiblical texts.
  • Church History Timeline from Jesus to Constantine: 30-313 and the accompanying portal site: From Jesus to Constantine. This useful timeline (including links) helps place events in early Christian history within the broader Greco-Roman world. The portal site includes short biographies and detailed information about the early Church Fathers, divided into sections marked History, Authority, Interpretation, Arts and Links.

Medieval Theologians

  • Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography (Therese Bonin) - An alphabetical list of e-texts, print editions, "Abbreviations Explained for non-Latinists" (Bonin, 2010, December 22), and other helps. Major categories are: Theological Syntheses; Commentaries on Scripture; Commentaries on Aristotle; Commentaries on Neoplatonic Texts; Disputations; Polemical Writings; Other Authentic Works; Works of Uncertain Authenticity; and Spurious Works. NOTE: The bibliography lists titles in the original Latin. English readers will want to look at each translated title for accuracy. Last updated December 2010.


Jan Hus

  • Works of Jan Hus - Also includes additional Hussite texts from the Lollard Society Bibliography of Primary Sources. PDF versions of some titles are available for download. Notable works include Hus’s De Ecclesia (The Church) and The Letters of John Huss, written during his exile and imprisonment. German language readers may be interested in the five extensive listings of Hussite source materials in .pdf format, Johan Loserth’s "Beitrage zur Geschichte der husitschen Gewegung."

Martin Luther

  • Selected Works of Martin Luther, 1483-1546 - These selections from the Internet Christian Library group biographical information; commentaries; famous passages; hymns in English and German; sermons; prayers; and portions of Luther’s views on politics, theology, and worship. English translations of the "95 Theses", "Large and Small Catechisms", and the "Smalcald Articles" also are available. The web page concludes with links to other sites hosting English translations of specific works. German language readers especially will want to bookmark the Index Verborum, a "one-of-a-kind reference work provided at Boston College. This on line concordance to works of Luther between the years 1516-1525, provides the location of a word in the Weimar Ausgabe printing of the original texts" (Selected Works of Martin Luther, 2006, April 7).

Huldreich Zwingli

  • Selected Works of Huldreich Zwingli, 1484-1531, the Reformer of German Switzerland - edited by Samuel Macauley Jackson (Internet Archive). This work brings together Zwingli’s record of Bishops’ visit to Zurich (April 1522); his views on Priests marrying; debates concerning Zwingli’s teachings; and Zwingli’s understanding of baptism. Scholars can use the Internet Archive’s built in reader software or download .pdf versions or files for amazon Kindle eReaders or ePub compatible devices. Google books offers a digitized version here.

Menos Simon

  • Complete Works of Menno Simon - (1871 edition) from the Internet Archive. This digitized version of the print book contains English translations of Simon’s works. Subjects range from Simon’s recounting of his conversion to the theological basis for his beliefs on Baptism, Christian Education, Christ’s Divinity and Personhood, Justification, the role of ministers, the Lord’s Supper, and the Trinity, among other subjects. The work collects letters and treatises Simon wrote, including published replies to his controversialists John A’Lasco, Martin Micron and John Van Leyden. A Fundamental Doctrine or an Account of Excommunication, Ban, Exclusion or Separation form the Church of Christ and A Very Humble Supplication (included in the collection) are just two of the apologetics Simon published in defense of Anabaptist practice and belief.
  • Menno Simons.net - lists biographies, magazine and newspaper articles, other online sources and references to English, Dutch, and German print resources. The site also has links to images and blogs concerning Mennonite issues. Created and maintained by Machiel van Zanten, the site’s most recent copyright date is 2012.

Philip Melanchthon

  • Philip Melanchthon - Hosted at Project Wittenberg. Very few of Melanchthon’s works are available freely online. Project Wittenberg includes links to full-texts of the Augsburg Confession; Melanchthon’s biography of Martin Luther, and his 1537 Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope.

John Calvin

John Knox

  • John Knox - Fordham University's Modern History Internet Source Book is a wide-ranging website (part of Fordham University’s larger Internet History Source Book) groups many of Knox’s best-known works, such as A Vindication of the Doctrine that the Sacrifice of the Mass is Idolatry (1550); A Summary, According to the Holy Scriptures - of the Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper (1550); Answers to Some Questions Concerning Baptism, etc. (1556); and The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women (1558). Other selected works on the web page give Knox’s views regarding political and ecclesiastical conflicts between Catholics and Protestants; issues of liturgy, the mass, and worship; and his understanding of prayer.
  • Works of John Knox - (1846 edition) includes a digitized version of Knox’s History of the Scottish Reformation.

Jacobus Arminius

  • The Society of Evangelical Arminians maintains an extensive webliography, Historic Arminian Authors and Documents. Two of Nathan Bangs’s works, The Errors of Hopkinsianism Detected and Refuted and The Reformer Reformed (Google Books editions) are linked at the page. "This two volume work provides a defense of Wesleyan/Arminianism from the modified Calvinism of Samuel Hopkins" (Society of Evangelical Arminians, n.d.).
  • Works - (in three volumes) are available at Christian Classics Ethereal Library. Specific titles readers may want to examine include Volume 1’s "Declarations of Sentiment" and "Nine Questions"; Arminius’s explanation of Romans chapter 7 (found in Volume 2); and his Letters (published in the third volume). CCEL Staff Writer Tim Perrine’s description of Arminius’s Works is a short but meaty overview of a sixteenth-century Dutch Reformed Theologian better known for his impact on Wesleyanism and Methodism, but whose "own work is often neglected" (Perrine, n.d.).

Protestants of the 17th-19th Century

George Fox

  • George Fox - Fordham University’s Internet History Sourcebook, Religious Groups: "Puritans," Baptists, Quakers. Fox was not a prolific writer, though there are full-text versions of two works the Friends founder penned at the Fordham web page. Fox’s Autobiography (redirects the user to the Christian Classics Ethereal Library) and Concerning Revelation, Spirit, Measure, and the Rule; and the Sufficiency of the Spirit (at Quaker Writings).

William Penn

  • Online Books by Willian Penn - (University of Pennsylvania) is an extensive portal site to electronic versions of Penn’s writings, edited by John Mark Ockerbloom. NOTE: The site has no information about the last update or how recently the material has been checked for accuracy.
  • The Political Writings of William Penn - (1670) introduced an annotated by Andrew R. Murphy at the Online Library of Liberty. This significant work offers online access to "complete and annotated texts of all his [Penn’s] important political works .  . . illuminat[ing] the Whig understanding of English politics .  .  . The values of liberty, property, and consent .  .  . the liberty of conscience .  .  . [and] religious toleration" (Online Library of Liberty, 2012).
  • Select Works of William Penn (Vol. 1) - Found at the Internet Archive, volume One includes The Author’s Life; Truth Exalted; and The General Rule of Faith and Practice, among others. Selections from Volume Two include: No Cross, No Crown and A Treatise for Oaths. In Volume Three, readers will find the Great Case of Liberty of Conscience Debated and Defended; Wisdom Justified of Her Children; and A Summons or Call to Christendom. Volume Four contains (among other titles) An Address to Protestants of All Persuasions; Primitive Christianity Revived; and The Advice of William Penn to his Children, Relating to their Religious Conduct. The final volume, number Five, collects A Brief Account of the Rise and Progress of the People Called Quakers and A Testimony of the Truth of God. All five volumes include multiple access options, from reading online to downloading .pdf and other formats.
  • Some Fruits of Solitude In Reflections and Maxims (1682) is from Fordham University’s Modern History Internet Sourcebook. Penn’s Maxims give an intimate look into Quaker thoughts on faith, duty, and religious calling, as well as Friends’ views on social issues ranging from education and parenting to government and social relations. Penn’s work, "A Key" was "first written for those who misunderstood the Society of Friends as it began. Its clarity provides a message for modern Friends, reminding all of what we properly are and what we are not" (Greenland, 2005). Sections deal with "Inner Light," Of Infallibility and Perfection, scriptural truth, the Trinity, Christ’s divinity, Baptism, and political government. The online text is an adaptation of the 1965 print edition, edited by James Deane and Edmund Goerke.

Jonathan Edwards

  • The Jonathan Edwards Center at Yale University offers detailed information on education, research and publications related to Jonathan Edwards’s life, ministry and work.
  • Jonathan Edward's Works at the Truth in Heart Spiritual Library are arranged into the following categories: Biographical; Theological, Science, Miscellaneous; Sermons: Pastoral, Doctrinal, Special Occasions, Warning and Judgment, Charity. Truth in Heart’s resources overlap with Edwards’s Works at the Christian Classics Ethereal Library: An Unpublished Essay on the Trinity; The Life and Diary of the Rev. David Brainerd; Freedom of the Will; Religious Affections; Select Sermons; Treatise on Grace; and volumes one and two of The Works of Jonathan Edwards.

Friedrich Schleiermacher

  • Friedrich Schleiermacher's biography at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. This 2002 article holds a wealth of information about Schleiermacher’s life and works. Sections on his philosophies of language and of the mind help establish contexts for Schleiermacher’s understandings of Hermeneutics and Interpretation, Translation, Political and Social Philosophy and his Philosophy of Religion. A strong introduction to Schleiermacher’s contributions to Theology as a discipline, the Bibliography of Primary Texts (German); English Language translations; and Secondary Literature in German, French and English are useful as well.
  • On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers and Selected Sermons of Schleiermacher (translated by Mary F. Wilson) are available in English at Calvin College’s Christian Classics Ethereal Library.
  • Sammtiche Werke is available in Deutsch at the Internet Archive’s Open Library.

William Miller

Charles Finney

  • The Complete Works of Charles G. Finney from the Gospel Truth Ministries. Scholars, students, and anyone interested in learning about this great American revivalist will find sermons, a timeline of Finney’s life, indexes to his letters and sermons, and much more. The site also includes Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, Dutch, German and Chinese language translations. Though the last copyright date is 2007, the page includes this disclaimer: "Certified by Gospel Truth Ministries to be confirmed to the original text, and can be relied upon for authenticity and scholarly research" (Gospel Truth, 2007).
  • Lectures to Professing Christians and Lectures on Revivals of Religion are provided for free by Google Books.
  • Truth in Heart Ministries has collected an impressive array of resources by or about Charles G. Finney. Of note to scholars and students, the site contains Finney’s lectures and published volumes on Pastoral and Systematic Theology; American revivals and the theology of revivalism; preaching; and letters. Also included is an extensive list of Finney biographies.

Charles Hodge

John Darby

  • John Nelson Darby (1800-1882) was one of the most influential leaders among the Plymouth Brethren, known for his translation of the Bible and as one of the first Bible scholars to promote dispensationalism as a means of understanding history and church practice. Darby left the established Church of England and joined others searching for the "true New Testament pattern of the Church" (Embley, 1966, p. 17). Darby wrote and distributed (often anonymously) pamphlets on issues ranging from church-state relations and the laity’s role in the congregation to the proper means of baptism and communion. The Bruederbewegung (Brethren Movement in Germany) has collected a number of English language Brethren primary and secondary sources here, including Darby’s own Early Beginnings: Notes of Mr J N Darby’s Journey (1853). The webpage was last updated January 2012.
  • On the Eternity of punishment; and The Immortality of the Soul; Studies in the Book of Daniel; and Seven Lectures on the Prophetical Addresses to the Seven Churches provide Darby’s beliefs in Christ’s immanent, physical, visible return to earth. Each of these works can be accessed for free at Google books. Other interesting works (also available as free Google Books) include Analysis of Dr. Newman’s Apologia Pro Vita Sua and On the Greek Article. Additional online articles of interest for understanding Darby’s thought: The Character of Office in the Present Dispensation and A Letter on Free Will (October 1861).
  • The Writings of J. N. Darby has been made available online by STEM (Sound Teaching in Electronic Media) Publishing. Along with numerous theological and devotional writings, the website collects Darby’s Synopsis of the books of the Bible and over 1,000 letters Darby wrote. The writings are divided into the following categories: Prophetic; Apologetic; Evangelic; Expository; Miscellaneous; Ecclesiastical; Practical; Doctrinal; Notes and Comments; Notes and Jottings; Critical; Spiritual Songs; Bible Translation; and Other. A list of resources about, but not written by, John Nelson Darby, concludes the web page.

Ellen Gould Harmon White

  • Ellen Gould Harmon White (1827-1915), along with her husband, James, founded the Seventh-Day Adventist Movement. A prolific writer, the majority of Ellen White’s manuscript and collected works are held in trust by the Ellen G. White Estate. The Estate website hosts a "Selection of Ellen G. White’s® Best-Known Books" with online editions available. This List of Google Books by or about Ellen G. White was compiled by Southwestern Adventist University’s Chan Shun Centennial Library. As late as the early 1970s, "no critical biography of Ellen White exist[ed], and few writers outside the Seventh-Day Adventist Church have treated her career" (Goen, 1971). Scholars wanting to know more about Ellen White’s life might enjoy reading Ronald L. Numbers’ Prophetess of Health: A Study of Ellen G. White (Eerdmans, 2008) available through Indiana Wesleyan University’s Lewis A. Jackson Library.

Dwight L. Moody

  • Dwight Lyman (D. L.) Moody (1837-1899) is one of America’s foremost itinerant evangelists. Moody’s life and ministry forms a well-known link in the era of American revivalism that began with Charles Grandison Finney (1792-1875), continuing on to the ministry of William J. Seymour (1870-1922) and the Azusa Street Revival (1906-1915), through the work of Billy Sunday (1862-1935) and Billy Graham (1918-). Many of D. L. Moody’s published works are available online through the Internet Archive, such as Heaven (1880); Moody’s Latest Sermons (1900); and Notes from My Bible: From Genesis to Revelation (c. 1895). A lengthy list of Moody’s publications from the Internet Archive, including all 16 volumes of the Works of Dwight L. Moody can be found here.

Abraham Kuyper

  • Abraham Kuyper (1837-1920) may have been one of the most "well-rounded" Christian thinkers to emerge during the mid-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Alternately educator, pastor, politician, statesman and theologian, Kuyper spent much of his adult life advocating for Christian education at all levels. He championed Christian colleges and universities free from government control (Christian Classics Ethereal Library, n.d.). Thoroughly versed in Reformed approaches to Christian doctrine, Abraham Kuyper’s works include his six Lectures on Calvinism, the 1898 Stone Lectures given at Princeton Theological Seminary; To Be Near Unto God; and The Work of the Holy Spirit, available from the Christian Classics Ethereal Library.
  • The Abraham Kuyper Bibliography, developed by Princeton Theological Seminary Library lists a variety of print and electronic resources. Kuyper’s 1898 Encyclopedia of Sacred Theology: Its Principles is available at the Internet Archive. The Archive lists fifteen of Kuyper’s works, the majority written in Dutch, here.

A. B. Simpson

  • Albert Benjamin (A. B.) Simpson, 1843-1919, founded the Christian and Missionary Alliance (CMA) in 1887. Beginning his career as a Presbyterian pastor, Simpson left that group over differences toward his outreach to immigrants and people living on society’s fringes (Christian and Missionary Alliance, n.d.). A prolific writer, A. B. Simpson contributed greatly to Evangelical missiology and theology, most notably through his "Fourfold Gospel: Christ our Savior, Sanctifier, Healer and Common King" (Christian and Missionary Alliance, n.d.). The official CMA website provides links to .pdf versions of major works, as well as compilations of Simpson’s life and ministry; indexes to Simpson’s sermons, personal journals, and other writings; and a photograph gallery.
  • The Life of A. B. Simpson by A. E. Thompson (1920) is hosted by The Internet Archive in multiple formats. The Hope|Faith|Prayer blog gives the full text of A Call to Prayer 61. Links to nine of A. B. Simpson’s significant works at the Christian and Missionary Alliance website include: The Challenge of Missions; The Fourfold Gospel; The Gospel of Healing; A Larger Christian Life; The Lord for the Body; Missionary Messages; Service for the King; Walking in the Spirit; and Wholly Sanctified.
  • Swartentrover.com provides a brief biography and a list of A. B. Simpson ebooks. Titles not listed above that might interest scholars and students include: But God; Christ in the Bible Commentaries on Joshua, Isaiah, and Psalms; 2 Corinthians, Philippians, and Colossians; 1 & 2 Thessalonians, Hebrews, and James; 1 & 2 Peter, the Epistles of John, and Jude; The Cross of Christ; Days of Heaven Upon Earth; Danger Lines in the Deeper Life; Divine Emblems of Spiritual Life and Truth; The Holy Spirit, or, Power from On High (2 volumes); The Love Life of the Lord; The Names of Jesus; Present Truths or the Supernatural; Standing on Faith; and The Self Life and the Christ Life.

C. I. Scofield

  • Cyrus Ingerson (C. I.) Scofield (1843-1921) perhaps is best known for the Scofield Reference Bible, first published in 1909, and for his stance on a premillennial, dispensational interpretation of Scripture (Hannah, n.d.). Biblebelievers.com provides the full text of Scofield’s book, Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth, while the Internet Archive gives access to Who is the Messiah Proved from the Ancient Scriptures. WholesomeWords.org has digitized Charles Trumbull’s biography, The Life Story of C. I. Scofield in.pdf for saving, printing or downloading.
  • Scholars and students can access full texts of Scofield’s letters, newspaper articles about Dr. Scofield, and other documents through this search within The Portal to Texas History. Sermon Index has collected transcripts of ten of Dr. Scofield’s pulpit sermons here. Those messages include: Believers and Professors; The Believer’s Standing and State; The Believer’s Two Natures; The Five Judgments; The Jew, The Gentile, and the Church of God; Law and Grace; The Seven Dispensations; The Two Advents; and The Two Resurrections.

John Dowie

Wesleyan and Methodist

John and Charles Wesley

George Whitefield

  • Sermons of the Reverend George Whitefield. There are 58 sermons total, from the Center for Reformed Theology and Apologetics, listed by title and accompanying scripture passage(s).
  • The Works of the Reverend George Whitefield, MA (1771 edition) are hosted by the Internet Archive in digital format. The collection includes Whitefield’s published sermons and tracts, selected letters, pamphlets, and an autobiography.
  • Whitefield's Journals as well as his "Letter to Wesley" and his Short and Further Account of God’s Dealings are available from Quinta Press.

John Fletcher

Thomas Coke

  • Thomas Coke (1747-1814) was the first Methodist “Bishop,” and a confidant of John Wesley, who called Coke his “right hand” (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2012). Coke made nine visits to North America and was a strong proponent of Methodist missionary efforts worldwide. Very little of Coke’s writings are available freely online. Samuel Due’s The Life of Rev. Thomas Coke (1817) offers a biographical look at one of Methodism’s important second generation leaders. Volume II of The History of the Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society (1921) tells of Coke’s second visit to America and his labors in the West Indies. Google Books offers a free digitized version of Extracts of the Journals of the Rev. Dr. Coke’s Five Visits to America here.

Nathan Bangs

Richard Watson

  • Richard Watson (1781-1833) was another of Early Methodism’s most able theologians and missions advocates. Biographer George John Stevenson memorialized Watson as "in doctrine an orthodox Trinitarian and an Evangelical Arminian .   .   . Mr. Watson’s works have contributed largely to raise the tone of Methodist literature to a much higher standard than it had ever reached before" (Wesley Center Online, 2011). Northwest Nazarene University has published Watson’s major work, his Theological Institutes or, A View of the Evidences, Doctrines, Morals, and Institutions of Christianity. Various volumes of Watson’s published works, none systematically arranged, are available both in free and paid editions at Google Books.

Phoebe Palmer

John Miley

  • John Miley (1813-1895) became chair of Systematic Theology at Drew University in 1873. Along with Henry Anson Buttz, George R. Crooks, James Strong, and Samuel F. Upton, Miley was christened one of Drew’s "Great Five," a group of professors "widely credited with shaping the university and its students" (Joy, 1942). Volume 1 and Volume 2 of Miley’s Systematic Theology (1892, freely available at the Internet Archive) have been described as "one of the most substantial and well-knit statements of the Arminian Theology produced in the nineteenth century" (Lewis, 1942).
  • The Atonement in Christ is made available online by The Gospel Truth, is "a classic statement of the so-called Governmental or Rectoral theory" of atonement (Lewis, 1942). Miley’s focus on moral government shows his debt to another lawyer-turned-theologian, Hugo Grotius (Lewis, 1942). Systematic Theology, his work on The Atonement, and his 1851 Treatise on Class Meetings are essential parts of the Miley canon for students and scholars alike.

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