Off Campus Library Services

Library Resource Guide
 
 

Indiana Wesleyan University

Adult and Professional Studies

Off Campus Library Services

Copyright, 2000, Revised 2004



For Library Reference Help Call:
1-800-521-1848
or
FAX 765-677-2767
or
Email

For Information Related to Adult and Professional Studies call
1-800-621-8667
or
FAX 765-677-2380

Or write to the university at:
Indiana Wesleyan University
Adult & Professional Studies
4301 S. Washington St.
Marion, IN 46953


Table of Contents:

SELECTING A LIBRARY

GETTING ACQUAINTED WITH THE LIBRARY

COLLECTING INFORMATION

RESEARCH HELPS

GUIDE FOR THE PATHFINDER

READING A CITATION

INDIANA LIBRARIES YOU CAN USE

REMOTE ACCESS TO IWU LIBRARY COLLECTION

OFF CAMPUS LIBRARY SERVICES (OCLS) – IWU

GLOSSARY

Appendix 1: Databases Available to IWU Students/Faculty


SELECTING A LIBRARY

There are two points to consider when selecting a library in which to do research:
(1) Will that library have enough information on your topic? and
(2) Will its policies allow you to work easily? (i.e., Are its hours convenient? Will you be allowed to check out materials? Are photocopy facilities available to copy journal articles, etc.?)

The second group of questions can be answered easily by contacting the library information desk. But to answer the first question, you must consider where you are in your research work and what needs to be accomplished that day. There are probably several types of libraries in your vicinity, any one of which may serve your purpose for a given assignment.

Public libraries have the advantages of local access, ease in getting a library card and checking out materials. Because it is meant to serve all community information needs, its collection (unless it is a large metropolitan or county library) is likely to give general coverage to all topics and "in-depth" attention to few. The basic reference books, check out materials, journal indexes and journals are contained there and could be used to begin your research. Most libraries now have computerized databases available as well as access to the Internet. Each library governs these resources differently, (i.e. limited time on the computers, charges for printing, etc.)

Every community college and university has a library for support of its instructional programs. You will want to determine if the school near you has a strong library collection in your general subject area. Two disadvantages of academic libraries should be considered:

1. Restrictions can be placed on checking out materials or using some areas of the library or its services, if you are not a student of that institution.

2. These libraries often operate on limited hours when their students are on vacation (Thanksgiving, Christmas, semester breaks, and summer)

IWU participates in a consortium of private and independent colleges, universities and seminaries in Indiana.  These schools allow reciprocal borrowing between institutions.  If you have a card with IWU, you also may use any of the PALNI schools.

GETTING ACQUAINTED WITH THE LIBRARY

Two of the biggest problems in doing library research are deciding what type of information is needed and finding out where the information is located. You should have the "what" in mind before going to the library; the "where" is the first order of business when you arrive.

You will save a great deal of time if you investigate the library’s basic layout first. Look or ask for a map of the library in the foyer or at the information desk. This is especially important in a very large library that may be divided by subject areas. Do not waste your time in the general collection if there is a special social sciences collection in another wing of the building, or (as happens at some universities) a separate social sciences library on the other side of the campus. While at the information desk, it is a good idea to scan any brochures the library has on display. They may note special collections, service hours, etc. Many libraries provide subject specific bibliographies; e.g. a brochure listing common business reference sources which that library owns.

Knowing where things are in a library is important, but browsing can also serve a purpose. Even the most experienced researchers stumble across valuable information at times. Taking time to scan the titles on a shelf or to flip through a magazine may turn up a valuable new lead.

The reference room houses materials which cannot be checked out—or non-circulating materials which provide general information (dictionaries, encyclopedias, digests) and quick details. Reference books are used to find quick information, but are usually not read in their entirety. There are general reference materials, such as encyclopedias, directories, and dictionaries. Additionally, each subject area has its own reference books. There are art and music dictionaries and encyclopedias, science has its encyclopedias, along with nursing, religion/Bible, education, business, psychology, etc.

Directories of industries, businesses, personnel in professional associations, etc. can provide you with phone numbers for contact purposes. They can also provide such esoteric pieces of information as the names of all industries in a given city, a list of experts in a certain field, or the number of companies that provide certain services/products, etc. There are directories in all fields, e.g. education, nursing, psychology, religion, etc.

Maps, atlases, and gazetteers are your sources for geographic information of all kinds, e.g. locations, climate variations, population distributions, political boundaries (both current and historical). Major atlases can be found in the reference room, but many libraries also have special sections for their map collections.

The reference area contains one more very important source of information—the reference librarian. He or she is there to help you by answering quick "fact" questions, by locating specific materials, or by advising you on research strategies.

The book stacks house the books that may be checked out of the library. Magazines and journals are usually arranged alphabetically by title. Older issues may be bound together. Newspapers may be contained within this collection or held in a separate room. Back issues of newspapers and periodicals may be on microfilm/fiche and held in the microform storage area of the library. Usually a library will at least have a machine that allows these microform to be read and will additionally have a machine which allows photocopies to be made from the microform. Libraries are increasingly moving to computerized collections of newspapers, journals and even books. Check to see if your library has fulltext journals/books/newspapers.

Because they need special handling or special research techniques, some types of materials are usually separated from the main library collection. These include rare books, government documents, audio-visual materials, vertical file information, and microfilm collections. Such collections are often staffed with personnel to help you with the intricacies of their use.


COLLECTING INFORMATION

The library’s catalog is its list and description of all the materials it possesses. A unique "call number" is assigned to each book, which allows the patron to locate the item on the shelf. Catalogs are more commonly now computerized; however, some libraries still use card catalogs.

Each book will have one or more subject heading entries which describe its content. Subject headings are not invented at random. They are selected from an established list of terms, usually the Library of Congress List of Subject Headings. Frequently, these large volumes will be placed near the catalog to help you to determine the proper headings for your topic. LCSH uses terms that help you navigate to the appropriate subject heading(s). In a computerized catalog if the subject heading you typed in is not a valid subject heading it will direct you to appropriate subject headings by saying something like Search for… It may also direct you to related headings for the subject that was typed.

The catalog lists clearly all the information you will need from the book for your bibliography: the author, title, imprint (publisher, place of publication, and date) and series, if any.

Books are arranged either by the Dewey Classification System or by Library of Congress Classification. The Dewey System has numbers such as 610.73 for nursing, while nursing in Library of Congress might use RT1.N87.

Periodical/journal/magazine citations are located either in paper indexes or by CD-ROM or on-line or web based systems. InfoTrac is an example of an automated reference system that provides computer-aided retrieval of bibliographic references and full text to periodicals and newspapers. Most academic libraries have the InfoTrac Onefile Index and the Business File, while public libraries probably will have another index that is more directed towards public libraries. Many journal indexes are available via the internet at our main campus, regional buildings and from home. See Remote Access to the IWU Library.

You may also see if the library you are using has other subject specific databases, such as ERIC (education), CINAHL (nursing), PsychLit (psychology) or Christian Periodical Index (religion). These are all available at the branch campuses (Indianapolis Education Center and Ft. Wayne Education Center) and from your home or office. There are many other periodical indexes that could be available in the library you are using.  Go to:   OCLS home page   Then click on Links to Resources.

Each index has its own subject headings. Infotrac uses Library of Congress subject headings just as books do. ERIC and CINAHL have their own subject heading thesaurus. For example, Library of Congress uses the term "job stress," while ERIC uses "stress management" and CINAHL uses "stress, occupational."

If you are looking for very current or especially newsworthy information, you may want to make use of newspapers as a source. A library may create its own index of local newspapers, but there are also two major published indexes: The New York Times Index and The Wall Street Journal Index. Many libraries subscribe to these two newspapers, but their indexes can also help in searching local newspapers. Using the index to find the date on which a particular news item was reported will tell you which local editions to check. There are also newspaper indexes available online. For example, via the EBSCO databases, Newspaper Source is available, which indexes a number of worldwide newspapers and also provides full text of some of them.

You may also want to consider some sources for research such as the Internet, oral interviews with experts in the community, government/community agencies/organizations, etc. One can find good information on the Internet; however, there also is much that is not accurate, valid information. Anyone can publish on the Internet so there is no peer review for accuracy. Be certain before using Internet based resources that you ascertain the validity of the information. One way to do this is to use information that is from educational institutions (has .edu in the URL address); from organizations (has .org in URL address), or has an author listed who could actually be contacted for further information.

Here are some questions to use whenever looking at a web page that you might want to use as a research source:


RESEARCH HELPS

Research style is a matter of personal preference, but if you keep in mind what has been done and what still needs to be done, you can organize your time more efficiently. The basic steps in the research process are:

1. Define your search topic.

2. Gain a general overview and perspective.

3. Decide how your topic should be searched - the reference tools, indexes, and subject headings needed.

4. Locate references to likely documents.

5. Locate the documents.

6. Scan the documents to gauge their usefulness to you.

7. Read and take notes on your selected sources.

8. Repeat steps two through seven if a new topic has occurred to you in your research.

Go to the library with a definite purpose in mind. Know which topic you intend to work on and what tasks you hope to accomplish. Take with you all the materials you will need—supplies, previous notes and lists of materials you plan to check.

Without getting completely off course, taking a little extra time to scan "marginal" materials may turn up a valuable new lead for you. This may involve reading titles on the shelves or trying a few extra index terms. If you have selected a journal issue for a specific article it contains, you might glance at the other articles in the issue. Journal issues are frequently organized around a theme-of-the-month, so that other articles may also be of interest to you. Many times articles or books have bibliographies that can lead to other related items on the same topic.

If you are lost, confused, frustrated, or can’t find something you want, don’t hesitate to ask for help from a librarian or call IWU’s Off Campus Library Services (1-800-521-1848).

Evaluate your results as you go. Are your chosen subject headings getting you the type of citations you want? Does your source cover your topic well enough? Is it easy to use? No one source or book is necessarily the right one. If you are not getting the information you want from it, keep looking.

Once you have defined the information you want and selected a subject index to search, look for your topic first. If this gets you little or no information, then think of a broader subject heading or a more general topic to search or other terms related to your topic. If you have trouble finding your subject in an index, then ask a librarian to help you.

Take careful and complete notes. The best time to get the full citation to a book or journal article is the first time you encounter it, usually in the catalog or in a periodical index. You may need this citation for more than your bibliography. For instance, if you have trouble locating the document, you may have to turn your citation over to a librarian or research service to find it for you. It will slow their work considerably if they have to correct or complete the information you give them.

Make sure any quotations are accurate and you have the correct citation. Know what writing style your professor requires, e.g. APA, MLA, and be sure you have all necessary information for the bibliography before leaving the library.

If you use internet web sites be sure that you have all the information about the web page that you will need depending on the writing style you will be using. Just keep in mind that web pages do disappear! You may not be able to find a web page you just located last week.

If you make use of symbols or abbreviations in your notes, be sure that they are not ambiguous and that you will remember their meanings days later when you are writing your report.

Be sure to get the information you need for writing your paper to give proper credit to the original author/s. Plagiarism is a serious mistake and at the college level is not acceptable. Refer to an English writing handbook for information about plagiarism

If you cannot locate a book or article, you should call OCLS at IWU (1-800-521-1848 or in the Marion area, 677-2178) to try to get it through interlibrary loan. Most libraries use interlibrary loan. It is a national service where a library may request to borrow materials from another library. This service is provided for you by OCLS. It may take from a couple of days to two weeks from the date of your request until the IWU library receives the material. However, we can sometimes get articles by fax in a couple of days. If you have a deadline after which the material is no longer useful, be sure to indicate this to the staff. They can also tell you if there is a possibility of getting the information at a library close to you.


GUIDE FOR THE PATHFINDER

You may find the following pathfinder useful as a model for helping you to do research and organize your material in preparation for writing or presenting your research. Use the following as a guide. Not every resource mentioned will be appropriate for every topic; however, many times students do not think to include resources such as oral interviews, associations, internet, etc.

TOPIC SCOPE: Give a brief, factual statement of the topic you plan to research.

INTRODUCTION: List a source with the bibliographic information that gives an overview of your topic.

SUBJECT HEADINGS: List some subject headings from Library of Congress Subject Headings or a periodical index that will be useful for your research.

BOOKS: List books from the library’s catalog that were found using the subject headings listed above. Use proper bibliographic format for the documentation style you would be using to write the paper later.

REFERENCE BOOKS: List reference books that have useful information for your topic. Use proper bibliographic format.

ARTICLES: List articles which you located, using subject headings from above for your topic. Use appropriate bibliographic format.

INDEXES: What index(es) were used?

ASSOCIATIONS: Identify an association that might be pertinent to your topic. You may need to be creative. What is the phone number and address of this association?

GOVERNMENT AGENCIES: Identify a government agency that could provide information for your topic.

INTERNET: Identify Internet resources that could provide information for your topic. Include the Internet address.

RELATED TOPICS: Sometimes after preliminary research, you will need to redefine the topic, or the research uncovers an area that seems more interesting. List three subtopics or related topics that you could research as a result of your initial research.

SEARCH CONCEPT: List search statements that you could use for researching your topic.

RESEARCH COMMENTS: List any problems you encountered while doing this preliminary research that might impede your ability to write a good paper.

KINDS OF SOURCES: Below are listed several different kinds of sources. You may need to research the following in addition to the above.
 
 



READING A CITATION
 

Reading a citation from a library catalog or periodical index takes a special skill. You will need to know how to interpret the information you see and pull from it what is needed for your bibliography. Some of the information is needed and some of it is superfluous. Here is a quick guide to interpreting citations from our library book catalog and from periodical indexes.

Book Citation from a Library Online Catalog:

Example of library catalog citation

Journal Article Citation from a Periodical Database:

Journal Citation from Database



INDIANA LIBRARIES YOU CAN USE

IWU is a part of a library consortium called PALNI (Private Academic Library Network of Indiana). They share a combined computerized library catalog and allow for reciprocal borrowing agreements among the members. The libraries listed below are ones included in this consortium:
 

Ancilla College, Donaldson, IN Indiana Wesleyan University, Marion, IN
Associated Mennonite Biblical Seminaries, Elkhart, IN Manchester College, North Manchester, IN
Anderson University, Anderson, IN Marian College, Indianapolis, IN
Butler University, Indianapolis, IN Oakland City College, Oakland City, IN
Christian Theological Seminary, Indianapolis, IN St. Joseph's College, Rensselaer, IN
Concordia Theological Seminary, Ft. Wayne, IN St. Meinrad College, St. Meinrad, IN
DePauw University, Greencastle, IN Taylor University-Ft. Wayne, Ft. Wayne, IN
Earlham College, Richmond, IN Taylor University-Upland, Upland, IN
Franklin University, Franklin, IN Tri-State University, Angola, IN
Goshen College, Goshen, IN University of Indianapolis, Indianapolis, IN
Grace College, Winona Lake, IN University of St. Francis-Fairfield Campus, Ft. Wayne, IN
Hanover College, Madison, IN Wabash College, Crawfordsville, IN
Huntington College, Hungtinton, In

To be eligible to use the libraries of the PALNI consortium, the student must carry out the following procedures:
 


REMOTE ACCESS TO IWU LIBRARY COLLECTION

How do I connect to the library home page?

In the browser software go to: http://www2.indwes.edu/ocls  You are now connected to the Off Campus Library Services home page.
How do I search the catalog (books, videos, etc.)
From the above link, click on  Links to Resources. 
  • Click on: Locating Books and Videos
  • Click on the link: Indiana Wesleyan University Library Catalog
  • Click on the appropriate link for how you want to search, i.e. subject, author, title, keywords, etc.

How do I search for journal articles?
IWU gives its students access to many  journal indexes. Because they are provided by a variety of vendors, there are different means of accessing them.  The seach interface and screens can also vary and the ability to view full text articles does vary.   For the majority of students your library barcode (student ID card) will give you the needed access.  For a few databases, and some students, you will need to request the appropriate passwords, etc., from OCLS. Please consult Appendix 1: Databases Available to IWU Students/Faculty

Journal indeses are subscription based resource.  Therefore it is necessary to restrict access to only IWU students and faculty.  Most of our databases are available by using your student ID card.  It has a barcode number (14 digits) on it.  This number in its entirety is used.

What if I can’t make the connection to the catalog?
A few areas to troubleshoot are: 1)At times we experience periods when the Internet connection to the university web page is not available. Try again later. 2)Be aware that depending on your service provider, there may be periods of the day when Internet connections are not available or extremely slow.  We provide a troubleshooting page from the OCLS web site. (http://www2.indwes.edu/ocls/info.html)

What if I want more specific information for my subject area?

Use the topical listing of databases provided when linking from the Locating Articles link on the OCLS home page. Consult Appendix 1: Databases Available to IWU Students/Facilitators for more information about subject specific database searching.
How do I know what journals IWU takes or will everything I find be available?
IWU provides a search engine that allows you to search our database of journal holdings.  Choose the Links to Resources link from the OCLS home page then click on Journal Holdings at IWU . This search interface allows you to enter a title to see if/how IWU gives access.  This database shows titles that are in Marion in paper format and titles that are available online via internet access.   No, not everything will be available at IWU. Many times items can be obtained using interlibrary loan. However, this can take 1-3 weeks to reach you. If you want to request only items we have, please check the journal holdings search engine.

Are any articles available directly from the Internet?
Yes, through the databases that are provided for IWU students there are many full text articles available as well. Each database varies in the way these articles are indicated as full text. Consult Appendix 1: Databases Available to IWU Students/Facilitators for specific information on accessing full text. If it is not available from IWU databases OCLS can use Interlibrary Loan to obtain the item.


OFF CAMPUS LIBRARY SERVICES (OCLS) – IWU

Services provided by OCLS for IWU students
  

What is OCLS?
Off Campus Library Services is your immediate access to library resources for your research needs. Based in Jackson Library at Indiana Wesleyan University in Marion, the OCLS staff is prepared to facilitate your access to library research materials.

How do I contact OCLS?
The easiest way is by dialing 1-800-521-1848! The phone is answered 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Mon. - Fri., (Indiana time).  Any other time, a brief message may be left on voice mail. You can also fax (765-677-2767), mail (LIBRARY-OCLS; 4201 S. WASHINGTON ST., MARION, IN 46953-4999), email (ocls@indwes.edu) or visit in person. If you call during the above hours and get voice mail it simply means the line is already in use. Please leave a detailed message giving your name, core number (e.g. MBA240), information requested, fax number or telephone number if a call back is necessary.

What if I take classes out of state, i.e. Ohio/Kentucky?
You have access to any of the services available to IWU students.  In some cases there are some databases that are restricted to only students taking classes in Indiana but we make every attempt to provide equivalent databases to our out of state students.  Therefore your actual access to the databases may be slightly different than a student taking classes in Indianapolis.  Guide sheets are available, specific to each location.  Just ask!

Can the library supply items from my bibliography?
Yes, just call, fax, mail, or email your bibliography, and we will either send your materials, tell you where you can get it or locate materials in other libraries. If we use Interlibrary Loan, however, it can take 1-3 weeks, so please submit your requests as early as possible.

What if I don’t have a bibliography but need to create one?

OCLS Librarians can provide for you custom made steps for your topic so that you can be successful in locating articles relevant to your research.  There may be times when a bibliography can also be sent to you of relevant articles/books.
After I choose articles/sources, how long will it take to get them?
Your request will be processed in a timely manner. It will be faxed, emailed or mailed. We also have courier service available to the IEC and FWEC buildings. You may then call us back to supply what you need or, if you prefer, you may use a library near you. We will fax up to 30 pages. If your amount exceeds this, we will put the remainder in the mail. OCLS reserves the right to limit the number of articles you receive on any one day.
  
What if I have a "quick" reference question?

Our full time OCLS reference librarians will be happy to locate an answer for you if available in reference materials at IWU.
What if I live outside of the United States?  Can you mail materials to me?

We do not mail books and videos from the library collection outside of the United States, however, we will make every attempt to supply equivalent materials that are available electronically from online databases or that can be easily scanned.
Who is this service for?
It is available to all presently enrolled APS students and facilitators and all Graduate College students/faculty.

What do I pay for this service?
Basically there is no further charge, unless we have to order an article using document delivery services. This service allows us to get articles we do not have in our library with very fast turnaround time, but usually the charge is approximately $10/article. Any additional charge would be discussed with you in advance. We will fax/mail/courier items to you at no expense to you, however; if items, e.g. books, microfiche, need to be returned to OCLS then we will include a mailing label, but the cost of Library Rate postage is your responsibility. You may return items to any of our regional campuses, i.e. Indianapolis Educational Center, Ft. Wayne Educational Center, Columbus Educational Center, Louisville, Educational Center, Cleveland Educational Center, etc.

What is available at Indianapolis Education Center/Ft. Wayne Education Center, Cleveland Educational Center, or Louisville Education Center?

Some reference materials are available on site. These materials may be used in the IEC/FW/LEC/CLEC buildings. They shouldn’t be removed. Internet access is available. Via the internet you have full access to the library web page, computerized catalog and databases available to IWU students. Word-processing, spreadsheet, and presentation software are also available. A full time librarian is available at LEC and CLEC and part-time librarian at both FWEC and IEC.
Can I access the IWU computerized catalog via my computer from home/office?

Yes, if you have Internet access. Our homepage address is: http://www2.indwes.edu/ocls.  Your library barcode will give you the access you need to library databases.
How do I know what journal titles your library has?

It is available online through the library homepage. Individual titles can also be looked up in the computerized catalog.
Can I use a library in my community instead of IWU?
Yes, if you already have borrowing privileges at that library, i.e. a public library, part of an IWU consortium.  If in doubt, ask OCLS. Many public libraries may not have all the research materials you will need especially if you are a graduate student, but be sure to check out your local library and see what is available.  You may be surprised and identify a wealth of information nearby!



GLOSSARY
 
Abstract A summary or condensation of the content of a document.
Adobe Acrobat® Software that allows documents to be created, distributed and read by any computer or operating system in its original format (or nearly so.) For example an article can be scanned from the original source and transmitted to another computer. The receiving computer can view the article as if it were looking at the original pages.
Adobe Acrobat® Reader A freeware software program, available for download at the Adobe site, that allows viewing of pdf files on your computer.
Barcode Number A barcode with associated 14-digit number that is issued as a part of the student ID card for  students.  Facilitators may request a barcode by contacting OCLS. The barcode is a part of the computer system at the IWU Library and allows checkout privileges at IWU. The number also allows access to a number of subscription databases that the university provides for student use. 
Call Number The number and/or letter code which determines the location of a book on the library shelf. The code designates the subject classification of a book. The call number appears on the spine of the book, in the upper left corner of its catalog cards, or on the record in an online catalog. Be sure you have the complete call number to easily find the item on the shelf.
CINAHL This acronym stands for Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature. It is one of the best indexes for nursing research.
Citation The information needed to describe and/or locate a particular book or article.
Database Any electronically stored collection of data.
Descriptor Interchangeable with "subject heading," ERIC and CINAHL use the term "descripto"r: while InfoTrac and book catalogs use "subject headings."
Email attachment Files can be distributed to another computer by attaching a file to an email message. 
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center is a computerized database including the following: abstracts of education journal articles and documents such as unpublished reports, dissertations, and government studies.
Expanded Academic This computerized index, produced by InfoTracâ , tries to cover all major disciplines that are studied in a liberal arts institution.
FirstSearch A proprietary database which can only be accessed by subscription. Each search costs the subscribing institution. It is available via the web. It accesses many subject specific databases, e.g. CINAHL, ERIC.
Full Text Articles Those articles in an online periodical index, e.g. Expanded Academic, that include availability of the entire article. Sometimes pictures/graphics/charts/tables cannot be included, but just the actual text of the original article.
General BusinessFile ASAP
This computerized index, produced by GaleGroup which is as known as InfoTrac, provides article and newspaper citations for business specific kinds of information searching.
HTML Hypertext markup language. Used for documents on the World Wide Web.
Http: Hypertext transfer protocol. The client-server TCP/IP protocol used on the World Wide Web. Allows transfer of HTML documents.
Interlibrary Loan A system of agreements between libraries by which they will share their collections. If a patron wishes to have a book or article that is not available in his/her library, a librarian may arrange to borrow this item from another library. (Note: Please use IWU Library OCLS for interlibrary loan requests—not your local library.)
INSPIRE A group of databases, mostly provided by a vendor, EBSCOHost, that is provided through state funding.
Journal holdings list The list of journals which IWU library has access to in some kind of format. These formats can be paper copy, microform, electronic access (internet), etc.
Literature search A search using various databases or other means to locate citations on a topic.
Microforms Includes microfilm and microfiche. Microfilm is film that contains photographic images of information, e.g. pages of a journal. Microfiche are flat 4 inch by 6-inch sheets of photographic images. Many pages of material can be stored in this format. Microfilm is either 1 inch wide or approx. 3 inches wide and on a roll. Special machines are needed for the patron to read the reduced images and to print back to a paper format.
Non-circulating Library materials which cannot leave the library. Some examples include reference materials, journals, microform, etc.
PALNI An acronym for Private Academic Library Network of Indiana. A consortium of the private and independent colleges and seminaries in Indiana. These institutions allow for reciprocal borrowing among the member institutions. The catalogs of all these libraries are available over the internet.  IWU library's holdings are not a part of the shared catalog of PALNI, but reciprocal borrowing is provided.
PDF File Portable document format used by Adobe Acrobat® Used by OCLS to transmit scanned documents.
Peer Reviewed Also referred to as scholarly, academic, primary, refereed or technical journals. Usually an original publication (not previously published) that contains articles that have been reviewed by peers before acceptance by the journal for publication. Each article submission must fill a ‘gap’ of knowledge in that discipline area and must be substantial enough that those doing research from that article can build and add to the knowledge base.
Periodical Any publication which appears in regular issues over time—newspapers, magazines, journals. The term ‘periodical’ and ‘journal’ are interchangeable.
Periodical Index A listing that cites the individual articles appearing in a selected group of periodicals.
Reference books The noncirculating materials of a library which provide basic information about a topic.
Refereed journals See Peer Reviewed

 

Search See Literature Search.
Telnet Internet standard protocol for remote login. Runs on top of TCP/IP. It acts as a terminal emulator.
WWW World Wide Web. Internet client-server hypertext method of distributing information on the internet.


Appendix 1: Databases Available to IWU Students/Faculty

InfoTrac® Web databases:
 
Name Emphasis Coverage Full Text Available
Expanded Academic ASAP Communications, humanities, social sciences, general science, current events history, psychology, medicine, etc. 1980 – present Yes, full text articles are available
Business and Company Resource Center Extensive access to company profiles, company brand information, rankings, company histories, etc. 1980 - 
present
Full content of company information
General Business File ASAP Business & management topics. Also incl. Listings of over 150,000 companies and investment analysts’ reports of major companies & industries. 1980 – present Yes, full text articles are available
OneFile A one stop "shopping center" for journal articles from many disciplines pertinent to a liberal arts student. Current Yes, full text articles are available
Computer File, LegalTrac, Religion and Philosophy, etc.
Several very specific journal databases available for searching about those topics.
1980 -- present
Yes, full text articles are available

Available by going to IWU home page, click on Links to Resources. Click on Locating Articles.  Click on General Resources. Use your barcode to access these databases.  


Biography Resource Center (GaleGroup®)
 
Name Emphasis Coverage Full Text Available
Biography Resource Center Biographical articles for famous people Mankind All full text

Available by going to IWU home page, click on Links to Resources. Click on Locating Articles.  Click on General Resources. Locate Biography Resource Center (GaleGroup).  Use your barcode to access these databases.  (This database is only available to Indiana residents.)

 


EBSCOHost Databases (EBSCOHost vendor databases; same as the Indiana INSPIRE databases)
 
 
Name Emphasis Coverage Full Text Available
Academic Search Elite Broad range of topics in areas of social sciences, humanities, sciences, education, multi-cultural & general reference.
Broad range of topics in areas of social sciences, humanities, sciences, education, multi-cultural & general reference.
Business Source Elite International business, economics, management, finance, accounting, labor   Full text available of over 740 journals. Full text link.
ERIC Indexing for education articles & documents from the Educational Resource Information Center 1966 – present Indexing & abstracts; full text of ERIC Education Digests (very limited portion).
ATLA
Indexing for religious research journals and anthologies.
1949 to present
Some titles are available full text.
MagillOnLiterature
Editorially reviewed critical analyses and brief plot summaries of the most studied works in the history of literature.
Expanse of literature
Yes
Masterfile Fulltext 1500 General interest topics. 1984 – present Full text for 1500 journals. Full text link.
MEDLINE Comprehensive indexing for the medical, dental and allied health fields   Indexing & abstracts
Professional Development Collection Specialized collection of nearly 250 full text journals, for professional educators. 
Full text of many journals
Encyclopedia of Animals Entries of over 2,200 animals, birds, fish, dinosaurs, etc.   Full text entries
Health Source Plus Consumer Edition and Nursing/Academic Edition General health, nutrition topics   Full text of many journals & health pamphlets
MAS Fulltext Premier General interest magazines. Especially appropriate for high school & junior college.   Full text of over 210 magazines
NetFirst Bibliographic citations and cataloging of internet web sites. Can be searched topically.   Links to actual web pages.
Newspaper Source Indexing for over 80 international & national newspapers including the Indpls. Star. Includes some full text or parts or the whole of the papers. Approx. 1995 – present Full text available of some titles and sections of full text of other titles.
Funk & Wagnalls Encyclopedia Encyclopedia relevant to K-12 Annual updates Full text articles
Primary Search Appropriate indexing for primary school students   Full text of 30 magazines and pamphlets
Middle Search Plus Appropriate indexing for middle school students.   Full text of over 50 magazines.

 

Available by going to IWU home page, click on Links to Resources. Click on Locating Articles.  Click on General Resources. Locate, EBSCOHost Databases. Take the link: [I have an IWU barcode], if a resident of Indiana OR take the link: [Marion campus or I have the password], if taking classes in Kentucky.  If you are taking classes in Ohio, please contact OCLS for your access to corresponding databases.  



JSTOR® Online Journals (A collection of over 100 titles essential to the study of humanities.  These titles are available in their full content for many years with the exception of the most recent 2-5 years.  This access is only available at the Marion campus and Indianapolis campus.)
 
 
Name Emphasis Coverage Full Test Available
JSTOR 100+ full content journals 1800's to recent 2-5 years of title All titles listed are full content journals.



ProQuest® Online Journals (Over 280 titles available in their full content)
 
 
Name Emphasis Coverage Full Text Available
Nursing Journal Collection Nursing and nursing related Full content of titles from mid 1990's -  Full content of over 280 titles.  Select "ProQuest Nursing  Journals"
Wall Steet Journal Business oriented daily, national newspaper 1981 to current day Full content, updated daily.

PQ Digital Dissertations

Full text and abstracted dissertations available through ProQuest.
Full text for > 450,000 dissertations.
Full text of more recent years of the dissertations.


SilverPlatter WebSpirs databases
 
Name Emphasis Coverage Full Text Available
CINAHL Nursing, allied health (Avail: library web page; Database Searching; Nursing; CINALH (Requires a password, check with a Reference Librarian) Call OCLS for the password. 1982 – present Indexing & abstracts. Very small amt. of fulltext
ERIC Education (Avail: library web page; Database Searching; Education; ERIC (Requires a password, check with a Reference Librarian) Call OCLS for the password. 1966- Indexing & abstracts. Very small amt. of fulltext
PsycINFO Psychology and counseling related journals and book chapters 1887- Indexing & abstracts
Christian Periodical Index Christian, evangelical literature (Avail.: library web page; Database Searching; Religion: Christian Periodical Index. Call OCLS for the password.) 1982- Indexing 

The SilverPlatter databases are available as follows: After connecting to the home page, click on the Links to Resouces. Click on: Locating Articles. Click on General Resources. Locate SilverPlatter databases.  Take either link, depending on whether you have a barcode or if you have the username/passwords for this database. Choose the appropriate database and year range(s). Search results can be emailed to your email address.


Style Guides for APA and MLA

Several links are provided for both writing styles. They were especially chosen for demonstration of electronic documentation using the two styles.



Other databases are available that are not listed above.  If you see ones that you might like to access and you don't know how, please contact OCLS and information for access will be provided.
 
Note: The links to databases and the access seems to be ever evolving in libraries, so it may be possible that you cannot access the databases listed above or that more will be available in your subject area than are listed here. If you need specific help with a database, please call OCLS.

 Return to OCLS homepage.