Christian Theologians

Topical Index

(Note: These sites are recommended, but go outside the control and maintenance of IWU.)


Early Writers

Church Fathers
red arrow The Writings of the Apostolic Fathers - Collected by the Greek Orthodox Diocese in America links to the Christian Classics Ethereal Library and groups the works of a number of well - and lesser - known Apostolic Fathers. Those interested in Church History or Theology will find full text links to texts by Ignatius; Justin Martyr; Irenaeus; Tertullian; Origen; Cyprian; and others. Scholars wanting to learn more about Apostolic-era worship will find links to early liturgies ascribed to James, Mark and the Holy Apostles. The page ends with a short list of Nicene and Post-Nicene works, Eusebius’s Church History and The Life of the Blessed Constantine and histories by Socrates Scholasticus and Hermias Sozomen.
red arrow Internet Christian Library Guide to Early Church Documents - "This hypertext document contains pointers to Internet-accessible files relating to the early church, including canonical documents, creeds, the writings of the Apostolic Fathers and other historical texts relevant to church history" (Internet Christian Library Guide, 2011). The ICLG links to full-text documents, summaries and other data from the Christian Apologetics Research Ministry (CARM), Peter Kirby’s Early Christian Writings website, EWTN: The Global Catholic Network online library, World Invisible (with further links to Christian Corps International Libraries), Michael Vezie’s Orthodox Christian Page, Dr. C. Michael McMahon’s A Puritan’s Mind web portal, New Advent, the Book of Abraham Project at Brigham Young University and the Internet Classics Archive.
red arrow Early Christian Writings (Peter Kirby) - Kirby has collected English-language translations of online texts as well as lists of other online and offline resources about the Christian New Testament, the Apocrypha, Gnostics and Church Fathers. Of special note are links collected in the "Other" tab that point to early Pagan and Jewish, Jewish/Christian, Hypothesized Sources and other extrabiblical texts.
red arrow Church History Timeline from Jesus to Constantine: 30-313 and the accompanying portal site: From Jesus to Constantine. This useful timeline (including links) helps place events in early Christian history within the broader Greco-Roman world. The portal site includes short biographies and detailed information about the early Church Fathers, divided into sections marked History, Authority, Interpretation, Arts and Links.
Medieval Theologians
red arrow Thomas Aquinas in English: A Bibliography (Therese Bonin) - An alphabetical list of e-texts, print editions, "Abbreviations Explained for non-Latinists" (Bonin, 2010, December 22), and other helps. Major categories are: Theological Syntheses; Commentaries on Scripture; Commentaries on Aristotle; Commentaries on Neoplatonic Texts; Disputations; Polemical Writings; Other Authentic Works; Works of Uncertain Authenticity; and Spurious Works. NOTE: The bibliography lists titles in the original Latin. English readers will want to look at each translated title for accuracy. Last updated December 2010.

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Jan Hus
red arrow Works of Jan Hus- Also includes additional Hussite texts from the Lollard Society Bibliography of Primary Sources. PDF versions of some titles are available for download. Notable works include Hus’s De Ecclesia (The Church) and The Letters of John Huss, written during his exile and imprisonment. German language readers may be interested in the five extensive listings of Hussite source materials in .pdf format, Johan Loserth’s "Beitrage zur Geschichte der husitschen Gewegung."

Martin Luther
red arrow Selected Works of Martin Luther, 1483-1546 - These selections from the Internet Christian Library group biographical information; commentaries; famous passages; hymns in English and German; sermons; prayers; and portions of Luther’s views on politics, theology, and worship. English translations of the "95 Theses", "Large and Small Catechisms", and the "Smalcald Articles" also are available. The web page concludes with links to other sites hosting English translations of specific works. German language readers especially will want to bookmark the Index Verborum, a "one-of-a-kind reference work provided at Boston College. This on line concordance to works of Luther between the years 1516-1525, provides the location of a word in the Weimar Ausgabe printing of the original texts" (Selected Works of Martin Luther, 2006, April 7).

Huldreich Zwingli
red arrow Selected Works of Huldreich Zwingli, 1484-1531, the Reformer of German Switzerland - edited by Samuel Macauley Jackson (Internet Archive). This work brings together Zwingli’s record of Bishops’ visit to Zurich (April 1522); his views on Priests marrying; debates concerning Zwingli’s teachings; and Zwingli’s understanding of baptism. Scholars can use the Internet Archive’s built in reader software or download .pdf versions or files for amazon Kindle eReaders or ePub compatible devices. Google books offers a digitized version here.

Menos Simon
red arrow Complete Works of Menno Simon - (1871 edition) from the Internet Archive. This digitized version of the print book contains English translations of Simon’s works. Subjects range from Simon’s recounting of his conversion to the theological basis for his beliefs on Baptism, Christian Education, Christ’s Divinity and Personhood, Justification, the role of ministers, the Lord’s Supper, and the Trinity, among other subjects. The work collects letters and treatises Simon wrote, including published replies to his controversialists John A’Lasco, Martin Micron and John Van Leyden. A Fundamental Doctrine or an Account of Excommunication, Ban, Exclusion or Separation form the Church of Christ and A Very Humble Supplication (included in the collection) are just two of the apologetics Simon published in defense of Anabaptist practice and belief./a>
red arrow Menno - lists biographies, magazine and newspaper articles, other online sources and references to English, Dutch, and German print resources. The site also has links to images and blogs concerning Mennonite issues. Created and maintained by Machiel van Zanten, the site’s most recent copyright date is 2012.

Philip Melanchthon
red arrow Philip Melanchthon - Hosted at Project Wittenberg. Very few of Melanchthon’s works are available freely online. Project Wittenberg includes links to full-texts of the Augsburg Confession; Melanchthon’s biography of Martin Luther, and his 1537 Treatise on the Power and Primacy of the Pope.

John Calvin
red arrow Complete Commentaries and Institutes of the Christian Religion - from the Christian Classics Ethereal Library. CCEL provides annotations for both the Complete Commentaries (collected edition) and the individual works themselves. The Calvin portal includes a link to the Latin version of the Institutes and English translations of On Prayer and On the Christian Life. French language readers will find access to Three Volumes of Sermons.
red arrow On Predestination; On Double Predestination are hosted at the Fordham Internet History Sourcebook, and The Necessity of Reforming a Church - (1543) is hosted at the Still Waters Revival Books site. Other texts that Calvin did not write, but that reflect the growth of Reformed Thought, such as the Heidelberg Catechism (1542); the Belgic Confession of 1561 (1619 version); the Canons of Dordt; and the Westminster Confessions, are available online at Fordham’s Internet History Sourcebook for Reformation Europe.
red arrow Fordham Internet Medieval Sourcebook, Selected Sources: Reformation - links three full-text items: Calvin’s Letter to the King [On the Clergy], the Catholic Encyclopedia biography of the great French reformer and the 1569 Order of Excommunication and of Public Repentance, hosted at the Still Waters Revival Books website.a>

John Knox
red arrow John Knox - Fordham University's Modern History Internet Source Book is a wide-ranging website (part of Fordham University’s larger Internet History Source Book) groups many of Knox’s best-known works, such as A Vindication of the Doctrine that the Sacrifice of the Mass is Idolatry (1550); A Summary, According to the Holy Scriptures - of the Sacrament of the Lord’s Supper (1550); Answers to Some Questions Concerning Baptism, etc. (1556); and The First Blast of the Trumpet Against the Monstrous Regiment of Women (1558). Other selected works on the web page give Knox’s views regarding political and ecclesiastical conflicts between Catholics and Protestants; issues of liturgy, the mass, and worship; and his understanding of prayer.
red arrow Works of John Knox - (1846 edition) includes a digitized version of Knox’s History of the Scottish Reformation.

Jacobus Arminius
red arrow The Society of Evangelical Arminians maintains an extensive webliography, Historic Arminian Authors and Documents. Two of Nathan Bangs’s works, The Errors of Hopkinsianism Detected and Refuted and The Reformer Reformed (Google Books editions) are linked at the page. "This two volume work provides a defense of Wesleyan/Arminianism from the modified Calvinism of Samuel Hopkins" (Society of Evangelical Arminians, n.d.).
red arrow Works - (in three volumes) are available at Christian Classics Ethereal Library. Specific titles readers may want to examine include Volume 1’s "Declarations of Sentiment" and "Nine Questions"; Arminius’s explanation of Romans chapter 7 (found in Volume 2); and his Letters (published in the third volume). CCEL Staff Writer Tim Perrine’s description of Arminius’s Works is a short but meaty overview of a sixteenth-century Dutch Reformed Theologian better known for his impact on Wesleyanism and Methodism, but whose "own work is often neglected" (Perrine, n.d.).

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Protestants of the 17th-19th Century

George Fox
red arrow George Fox - Fordham University’s Internet History Sourcebook, Religious Groups: "Puritans," Baptists, Quakers. Fox was not a prolific writer, though there are full-text versions of two works the Friends founder penned at the Fordham web page. Fox’s Autobiography (redirects the user to the Christian Classics Ethereal Library) and Concerning Revelation, Spirit, Measure, and the Rule; and the Sufficiency of the Spirit (at Quaker Writings).

William Penn
red arrow Online Books by Willian Penn - (University of Pennsylvania) is an extensive portal site to electronic versions of Penn’s writings, edited by John Mark Ockerbloom. NOTE: The site has no information about the last update or how recently the material has been checked for accuracy.
red arrow The Political Writings of William Penn - (1670) introduced an annotated by Andrew R. Murphy at the Online Library of Liberty. This significant work offers online access to "complete and annotated texts of all his [Penn’s] important political works . . . illuminat[ing] the Whig understanding of English politics . . . The values of liberty, property, and consent . . . the liberty of conscience . . . [and] religious toleration" (Online Library of Liberty, 2012).
red arrow Select Works of William Penn (Vol. 1) - Found at the Internet Archive, volume One includes The Author’s Life; Truth Exalted; and The General Rule of Faith and Practice, among others. Selections from Volume Two include: . In Volume Three, readers will find the Great Case of Liberty of Conscience Debated and Defended; Wisdom Justified of Her Children; and A Summons or Call to Christendom. Volume Four contains (among other titles) An Address to Protestants of All Persuasions; Primitive Christianity Revived; and The Advice of William Penn to his Children, Relating to their Religious Conduct. The final volume, number Five, collects A Brief Account of the Rise and Progress of the People Called Quakers and A Testimony of the Truth of God. All five volumes include multiple access options, from reading online to downloading .pdf and other formats.
red arrow Some Fruits of Solitude In Reflections and Maxims (1682) is from Fordham University’s Modern History Internet Sourcebook. Penn’s Maxims give an intimate look into Quaker thoughts on faith, duty, and religious calling, as well as Friends’ views on social issues ranging from education and parenting to government and social relations. Penn’s work, "A Key" was "first written for those who misunderstood the Society of Friends as it began. Its clarity provides a message for modern Friends, reminding all of what we properly are and what we are not" (Greenland, 2005). Sections deal with "Inner Light," Of Infallibility and Perfection, scriptural truth, the Trinity, Christ’s divinity, Baptism, and political government. The online text is an adaptation of the 1965 print edition, edited by James Deane and Edmund Goerke.

Jonathan Edwards
red arrow The Jonathan Edwards Center at Yale University offers detailed information on education, research and publications related to Jonathan Edwards’s life, ministry and work.
red arrow Jonathan Edward's Works at the Truth in Heart Spiritual Library are arranged into the following categories: Biographical; Theological, Science, Miscellaneous; Sermons: Pastoral, Doctrinal, Special Occasions, Warning and Judgment, Charity. Truth in Heart’s resources overlap with Edwards’s Works at the Christian Classics Ethereal Library: An Unpublished Essay on the Trinity; The Life and Diary of the Rev. David Brainerd; Freedom of the Will; Religious Affections; Select Sermons; Treatise on Grace; and volumes one and two of The Works of Jonathan Edwards.

Friedrich Schleiermacher
red arrow Friedrich Schleiermacher's biography at the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. This 2002 article holds a wealth of information about Schleiermacher’s life and works. Sections on his philosophies of language and of the mind help establish contexts for Schleiermacher’s understandings of Hermeneutics and Interpretation, Translation, Political and Social Philosophy and his Philosophy of Religion. A strong introduction to Schleiermacher’s contributions to Theology as a discipline, the Bibliography of Primary Texts (German); English Language translations; and Secondary Literature in German, French and English are useful as well.
red arrow On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers and Selected Sermons of Schleiermacher (translated by Mary F. Wilson) are available in English at Calvin College’s Christian Classics Ethereal Library.
red arrow Sammtiche Werke is available in Deutsch at the Internet Archive’s Open Library.

William Miller
red arrow Evidence from Scripture and History of the Second Coming of Christ about the year 1843, Exhibited in a Course of Lectures and Views of the Prophets and Prophetic Chronology: Selected from the Manuscripts of William Miller, with a Memoir of His Life. The Seventh Day Adventist General Conference Office of Archives, Statistics, and Research oversees a vast amount of Adventist documents, from image collections and statistical reports to Advent-Related Periodicals and books published by and about the Adventist Movement. This archival material is online here.
red arrow The Memoirs of William Miller, first published in 1853, can be found at the Internet Archive in a variety of formats. William Miller’s (1782-1849) views on prophecy and eschatology gave rise to the Adventist movement, perhaps most well-known in Seventh Day Adventist practice and teachings. The Advent Christian Publication Society produced multiple editions of A Brief History of William Miller: The Great Pioneer in Adventual Faith. The fourth edition is available as a free Google eBook.

Charles Finney
red arrow The Complete Works of Charles G. Finney from the Gospel Truth Ministries. Scholars, students, and anyone interested in learning about this great American revivalist will find sermons, a timeline of Finney’s life, indexes to his letters and sermons, and much more. The site also includes Spanish, Portuguese, Italian, French, Dutch, German and Chinese language translations. Though the last copyright date is 2007, the page includes this disclaimer: "Certified by Gospel Truth Ministries to be confirmed to the original text, and can be relied upon for authenticity and scholarly research" (Gospel Truth, 2007).
red arrow Lectures to Professing Christians and Lectures on Revivals of Religion are provided for free by Google Books.
red arrow Truth in Heart Ministries has collected an impressive array of resources by or about Charles G. Finney. Of note to scholars and students, the site contains Finney’s lectures and published volumes on Pastoral and Systematic Theology; American revivals and the theology of revivalism; preaching; and letters. Also included is an extensive list of Finney biographies.

Charles Hodge
red arrow Charles Hodge (1797-1878) was, perhaps, America’s leading apologist of Reformed Calvinism in the eighteenth century, first as a student and later as professor at Princeton Theological Seminary. The Christian Classics Ethereal Library provides access to the complete texts of Hodge’s Commentary on the Epistle to the Ephesians; Index to Systematic Theology; and Volume I, Volume II and Volume III of his Systematic Theology, one of the most important American contributions to the subject. Charles Hodge’s son, Archibald Alexander Hodge, published a biography of his father, The Life of Charles Hodge, in 1880, available in multiple full-text formats at the Internet Archive’s Open Library.
red arrow Grace Online Library (GOL), a web ministry of Christ Reformed Church, Lawrenceville, Georgia, USA, has an extensive list of articles written by Princeton Theologian Charles Hodge. The most prominent set is that of the Covenant of Grace. The series includes: The Covenant of Grace - The Plan of Salvation; The Covenant of Grace - Different Views of the Nature of this Covenant; The Covenant of Grace - Parties to the Covenant; The Covenant of Grace - The Covenant of Redemption; The Covenant of Grace - The Identity of the Covenant of Grace under all Dispensations; and The Covenant of Grace - Different Dispensations. Other Charles Hodge articles at the Grace Online Library include: The Holy Spirit; An Overview of the Lord’s Supper; Holy Living; and The Nature and Necessity of Making a Public Profession of Religion.

John Darby
red arrow John Nelson Darby (1800-1882) was one of the most influential leaders among the Plymouth Brethren, known for his translation of the Bible and as one of the first Bible scholars to promote dispensationalism as a means of understanding history and church practice. Darby left the established Church of England and joined others searching for the "true New Testament pattern of the Church" (Embley, 1966, p. 17). Darby wrote and distributed (often anonymously) pamphlets on issues ranging from church-state relations and the laity’s role in the congregation to the proper means of baptism and communion. The Bruederbewegung (Brethren Movement in Germany) has collected a number of English language Brethren primary and secondary sources here, including Darby’s own Early Beginnings: Notes of Mr J N Darby’s Journey (1853). The webpage was last updated January 2012.
red arrow On the Eternity of punishment; and The Immortality of the Soul; Studies in the Book of Daniel; and Seven Lectures on the Prophetical Addresses to the Seven Churches provide Darby’s beliefs in Christ’s immanent, physical, visible return to earth. Each of these works can be accessed for free at Google books. Other interesting works (also available as free Google Books) include Analysis of Dr. Newman’s Apologia Pro Vita Sua and On the Greek Article. Additional online articles of interest for understanding Darby’s thought: The Character of Office in the Present Dispensation and A Letter on Free Will (October 1861).
red arrow The Writings of J. N. Darby has been made available online by STEM (Sound Teaching in Electronic Media) Publishing. Along with numerous theological and devotional writings, the website collects Darby’s Synopsis of the books of the Bible and over 1,000 letters Darby wrote. The writings are divided into the following categories: Prophetic; Apologetic; Evangelic; Expository; Miscellaneous; Ecclesiastical; Practical; Doctrinal; Notes and Comments; Notes and Jottings; Critical; Spiritual Songs; Bible Translation; and Other. A list of resources about, but not written by, John Nelson Darby, concludes the web page.

Ellen Gould Harmon White
red arrow Ellen Gould Harmon White (1827-1915), along with her husband, James, founded the Seventh-Day Adventist Movement. A prolific writer, the majority of Ellen White’s manuscript and collected works are held in trust by the Ellen G. White Estate. The Estate website hosts a "Selection of Ellen G. White’s® Best-Known Books" with online editions available. This List of Google Books by or about Ellen G. White was compiled by Southwestern Adventist University’s Chan Shun Centennial Library. As late as the early 1970s, "no critical biography of Ellen White exist[ed], and few writers outside the Seventh-Day Adventist Church have treated her career" (Goen, 1971). Scholars wanting to know more about Ellen White’s life might enjoy reading Ronald L. Numbers’ Prophetess of Health: A Study of Ellen G. White (Eerdmans, 2008) available through Indiana Wesleyan University’s Lewis A. Jackson Library.

Dwight L. Moody
red arrow Dwight Lyman (D. L.) Moody (1837-1899) is one of America’s foremost itinerant evangelists. Moody’s life and ministry forms a well-known link in the era of American revivalism that began with Charles Grandison Finney (1792-1875), continuing on to the ministry of William J. Seymour (1870-1922) and the Azusa Street Revival (1906-1915), through the work of Billy Sunday (1862-1935) and Billy Graham (1918-). Many of D. L. Moody’s published works are available online through the Internet Archive, such as Heaven (1880); Moody’s Latest Sermons (1900); and Notes from My Bible: From Genesis to Revelation (c. 1895). A lengthy list of Moody’s publications from the Internet Archive, including all 16 volumes of the Works of Dwight L. Moody can be found here.

Abraham Kuyper
red arrow Abraham Kuyper (1837-1920) may have been one of the most "well-rounded" Christian thinkers to emerge during the mid-nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Alternately educator, pastor, politician, statesman and theologian, Kuyper spent much of his adult life advocating for Christian education at all levels. He championed Christian colleges and universities free from government control (Christian Classics Ethereal Library, n.d.). Thoroughly versed in Reformed approaches to Christian doctrine, Abraham Kuyper’s works include his six Lectures on Calvinism, the 1898 Stone Lectures given at Princeton Theological Seminary; To Be Near Unto God; and The Work of the Holy Spirit, available from the Christian Classics Ethereal Library.
red arrow The Abraham Kuyper Bibliography, developed by Princeton Theological Seminary Library lists a variety of print and electronic resources. Kuyper’s 1898 Encyclopedia of Sacred Theology: Its Principles is available at the Internet Archive. The Archive lists fifteen of Kuyper’s works, the majority written in Dutch, here.

A. B. Simpson
red arrow Albert Benjamin (A. B.) Simpson, 1843-1919, founded the Christian and Missionary Alliance (CMA) in 1887. Beginning his career as a Presbyterian pastor, Simpson left that group over differences toward his outreach to immigrants and people living on society’s fringes (Christian and Missionary Alliance, n.d.). A prolific writer, A. B. Simpson contributed greatly to Evangelical missiology and theology, most notably through his "Fourfold Gospel: Christ our Savior, Sanctifier, Healer and Common King" (Christian and Missionary Alliance, n.d.). The official CMA website provides links to .pdf versions of major works, as well as compilations of Simpson’s life and ministry; indexes to Simpson’s sermons, personal journals, and other writings; and a photograph gallery.
red arrow The Life of A. B. Simpson by A. E. Thompson (1920) is hosted by The Internet Archive in multiple formats. The Hope|Faith|Prayer blog gives the full text of A Call to Prayer 61. Links to nine of A. B. Simpson’s significant works at the Christian and Missionary Alliance website include: The Challenge of Missions; The Fourfold Gospel; The Gospel of Healing; A Larger Christian Life; The Lord for the Body; Missionary Messages; Service for the King; Walking in the Spirit; and Wholly Sanctified.
red arrow provides a brief biography and a list of A. B. Simpson ebooks. Titles not listed above that might interest scholars and students include: But God; Christ in the Bible Commentaries on Joshua, Isaiah, and Psalms; 2 Corinthians, Philippians, and Colossians; 1 & 2 Thessalonians, Hebrews, and James; 1 & 2 Peter, the Epistles of John, and Jude; The Cross of Christ; Days of Heaven Upon Earth; Danger Lines in the Deeper Life; Divine Emblems of Spiritual Life and Truth; The Holy Spirit, or, Power from On High (2 volumes); The Love Life of the Lord; The Names of Jesus; Present Truths or the Supernatural; Standing on Faith; and The Self Life and the Christ Life.

C. I. Scofield
red arrow Cyrus Ingerson(C. I.) Scofield (1843-1921) perhaps is best known for the Scofield Reference Bible, first published in 1909, and for his stance on a premillennial, dispensational interpretation of Scripture (Hannah, n.d.). provides the full text of Scofield’s book, Rightly Dividing the Word of Truth, while the Internet Archive gives access to Who is the Messiah Proved from the Ancient Scriptures. has digitized Charles Trumbull’s biography, The Life Story of C. I. Scofield in.pdf for saving, printing or downloading.
red arrow Scholars and students can access full texts of Scofield’s letters, newspaper articles about Dr. Scofield, and other documents through this search within The Portal to Texas History. Sermon Index has collected transcripts of ten of Dr. Scofield’s pulpit sermons here. Those messages include: Believers and Professors; The Believer’s Standing and State; The Believer’s Two Natures; The Five Judgments; The Jew, The Gentile, and the Church of God; Law and Grace; The Seven Dispensations; The Two Advents; and The Two Resurrections.

John Dowie
red arrow John Alexander Dowie (1847-1907), considered as an early forerunner of the worldwide Pentecostal movement, founded the International Divine Healing Association. Dowie also published a weekly newspaper, Leaves of Healing, and in 1896 established the Christian Catholic Church. "Between 1899 and 1901 Dowie secretly bought ten square miles of lakefront land 40 miles to the north [of Chicago, IL] and founded a true American theocracy: Zion, Illinois" (McDermott, n.d.). Full texts of Dowie’s First Fruits: Being a Brief Record of Eight Months’ Divine Healing Missions in the State of California; The Gospel of Divine Healing and How I Came to Preach It; The Personal Letters of John Alexander Dowie; The Sermons of John Alexander Dowie and Zion’s Holy War Against the Hosts of Hell in Chicago are available from the Open Library.
red arrow Church historians and students may benefit from reviewing Rolvix Harlan’s 1906 Doctoral Dissertation from the University of Chicago, John Alexander Dowie and the Christian Catholic Apostolic Church in Zion (1906), hosted at the Internet Archive. For those interested in learning more about Dowie’s Australian ministry, Barry Chant, Ph.D., has posted a .pdf version of his paper, The Australian Career of John Alexander Dowie.

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Wesleyan and Methodist

John and Charles Wesley
red arrow The Wesley Center Online at Northwest Nazarene University brings together one of the most extensive, online, full-text John Wesley collections accessible free of charge. Essential links for students include: The Sermons of John Wesley (1872 Edition); A Plain Account of Christian Perfection; John Wesley’s Notes on the Bible; and the Covenant Service (with links to updates using contemporary language). Additional resources, such as Telford’s Life of John Wesley, Wesley’s Journal (Volume 4) and Wesley’s New Testament Translation may be of interest as well. Last, the Internet Archive’s 1915 edition of the Letters of John Wesley are well worth the time to read them.
red arrow The Sermons of John Wesley with title and scripture references is provided by The United Methodist Church General Board of Global Ministries in a series of single-page listings. NOTE: Numbering follows Thomas Jackson’s 1872 edition.
red arrow The Register of John Wesley’s Preaching Texts was began by Wanda Willard Smith and completed by members of the Duke Divinity School faculty and staff. This .pdf document lists the date, site, scripture text and source of each verified sermon John Wesley preached.
red arrow Duke Divinity School’s Center for Studies in the Wesleyan Tradition maintains an online collection of John Wesley’s Poetry and Hymn Collections, John Wesley’s Undisputed Verse, and electronic editions of Charles Wesley’s published and manuscript verse. These collections provide intimate looks into the ways the Wesleys contributed to Christendom through their lyric and poetic writings.

George Whitfield
red arrow Sermons of the Reverend George Whitefield. There are 58 sermons total, from the Center for Reformed Theology and Apologetics, listed by title and accompanying scripture passage(s).
red arrow The Works of the Reverend George Whitefield, MA (1771 edition) are hosted by the Internet Archive in digital format. The collection includes Whitefield’s published sermons and tracts, selected letters, pamphlets, and an autobiography.
red arrow Whitefield's Journals as well as his "Letter to Wesley" and his Short and Further Account of God’s Dealings are available from Quinta Press.

John Fletcher
red arrow John William Fletcher (French, Jean Guillaume de la Flechere) has been declared “the most important early interpreter of Wesleyan themes in theology (Langford, 1983, p. 50). Northwest Nazarene University’s Wesley Center Online offers full-text versions of John Fletcher’s A Scriptural Essay on the Astonishing Rewardableness of Works; An Equal Check to Antinomianism and Pharasaism; and The Fictitious and Genuine Creed: Being "A Creed for Arminians." The full text of The Life of Mary Fletcher (John Fletcher’s wife and long-time ministry partner) and John Wesley’s eulogy Sermon 133, On the Death of Reverend Mr. John Fletcher can be found at the Wesley Center Online as well. Last, Google has digitized The Whole Works of the Rev. John Fletcher.

Thomas Coke
red arrow Thomas Coke (1747-1814) was the first Methodist “Bishop,” and a confidant of John Wesley, who called Coke his “right hand” (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2012). Coke made nine visits to North America and was a strong proponent of Methodist missionary efforts worldwide. Very little of Coke’s writings are available freely online. Samuel Due’s The Life of Rev. Thomas Coke (1817) offers a biographical look at one of Methodism’s important second generation leaders. Volume II of The History of the Wesleyan Methodist Missionary Society (1921) tells of Coke’s second visit to America and his labors in the West Indies. Google Books offers a free digitized version of Extracts of the Journals of the Rev. Dr. Coke’s Five Visits to America here.

Nathan Bangs
red arrow Nathan Bangs (1778-1862) was one of America’s most prominent early Methodist leaders, primarily serving as an Itinerant Preacher in Canada and as a strong supporter of Methodist missionary activities worldwide. The Christian Classics Ethereal Library provides the texts of Bangs’s An Alphabetical List of the M. E. Preachers (1762-1840) as well as his four-volume History of the Methodist Episcopal Church from its Origin in 1776 to the General Conference of 1840.
red arrow A biographical and historical introduction to Nathan Bangs’s life and work as an Itinerant Methodist Preacher in Canada is provided by York University (Toronto, CA). The website lists biographical resources and discusses Methodism’s role in Canada’s settlement. Links to entries from journals Bangs kept while in Canada and in the United States may be found here.

Richard Watson
red arrow Richard Watson (1781-1833) was another of Early Methodism’s most able theologians and missions advocates. Biographer George John Stevenson memorialized Watson as "in doctrine an orthodox Trinitarian and an Evangelical Arminian . . . Mr. Watson’s works have contributed largely to raise the tone of Methodist literature to a much higher standard than it had ever reached before" (Wesley Center Online, 2011). Northwest Nazarene University has published Watson’s major work, his Theological Institutes or, A View of the Evidences, Doctrines, Morals, and Institutions of Christianity. Various volumes of Watson’s published works, none systematically arranged, are available both in free and paid editions at Google Books.

Phoebe Palmer
red arrow Phoebe Worall Palmer (1807-1874), described by Duane Maxey as "the mother of the holiness movement," (Maxey, 1994), was a prominent figure in the development of American Holiness Theology, especially doctrines of entire sanctification. Palmer’s use of the altar as a word picture for surrendering one’s will to God’s will, her inclusion of men and women in evangelistic meetings, and her use of lengthy meetings influenced American Revivalism in much the same way as Charles Finney. Mrs. Palmer’s husband, Dr. W. C. Palmer, published The Life and Letters of Mrs. Phoebe Palmer in 1881, available online from the Open Library. Mrs. Palmer was affected deeply by her sister’s, Sarah Lankford’s, experiences regarding Christian Perfection. Duane Maxey provides the text of Phoebe Palmer’s Account of Her Sister’s Sanctification in his 2004 digital work, Timothy Merritt - Headlight of the Holiness Movement.
red arrow Faith and its Effects; Four Years in the Old World; Incidental Illustrations of the Economy of Salvation, its Doctrines and Duties; Present to my Christian Friend on Entire Devotion to God; Reflections and Gathered Fragments of Mrs. Lydia N. Cox; Sweet Mary [M.L.S-] by the author of ‘The Way of Holiness’; The Useful Disciple, or, A Narrative of Mrs. Mary Gardner; and The Way of Holiness - all of these are freely available using Google Books.

John Miley
red arrow John Miley (1813-1895) became chair of Systematic Theology at Drew University in 1873. Along with Henry Anson Buttz, George R. Crooks, James Strong, and Samuel F. Upton, Miley was christened one of Drew’s "Great Five," a group of professors "widely credited with shaping the university and its students" (Joy, 1942). Volume 1 and Volume 2 of Miley’s Systematic Theology (1892, freely available at the Internet Archive) have been described as "one of the most substantial and well-knit statements of the Arminian Theology produced in the nineteenth century" (Lewis, 1942).
red arrow The Atonement in Christ is made available online by The Gospel Truth, is "a classic statement of the so-called Governmental or Rectoral theory" of atonement (Lewis, 1942). Miley’s focus on moral government shows his debt to another lawyer-turned-theologian, Hugo Grotius (Lewis, 1942). Systematic Theology, his work on The Atonement, and his 1851 Treatise on Class Meetings are essential parts of the Miley canon for students and scholars alike.

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